2011A&A...525A..94T


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.05.18CEST20:03:10

2011A&A...525A..94T - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 525A, 94-94 (2011/1-1)

PSRs J0248+6021 and J2240+5832: young pulsars in the northern Galactic plane. Discovery, timing, and gamma-ray observations.

THEUREAU G., PARENT D., COGNARD I., DESVIGNES G., SMITH D.A., CASANDJIAN J.M., CHEUNG C.C., CRAIG H.A., DONATO D., FOSTER R., GUILLEMOT L., HARDING A.K., LESTRADE J.-F., RAY P.S., ROMANI R.W., THOMPSON D.J., TIAN W.W. and WATTERS K.

Abstract (from CDS):

Pulsars PSR J0248+6021 (with a rotation period P=217ms and spin-down power {dot}(E)=2.13x1035erg/s) and PSR J2240+5832 (P=140ms, {dot}(E)=2.12x1035erg/s) were discovered in 1997 with the Nancay radio telescope during a northern Galactic plane survey, using the Navy-Berkeley Pulsar Processor (NBPP) filter bank. The GeV gamma-ray pulsations from both were discovered using the Fermi Large Area Telescope. We characterize the neutron star emission using radio and gamma-ray observations, and explore the rich environment of PSR J0248+6021. Twelve years of radio timing data, including glitches, with steadily improved instrumentation, such as the Berkeley-Orleans-Nancay pulsar backend, and a gamma-ray data set 2.6 times larger than previously published allow detailed investigations of these pulsars. Radio polarization data allow comparison with the geometry inferred from gamma-ray emission models. The two pulsars resemble each other in both radio and gamma-ray data. Both are rare in having a single gamma-ray pulse offset far from the radio peak. The anomalously high dispersion measure for PSR J0248+6021 (DM=370pc/cm3) is most likely due to its being within the dense, giant HII region W5 in the Perseus arm at a distance of 2kpc, as opposed to being beyond the edge of the Galaxy as obtained from models of average electron distributions. Its large transverse velocity and the low magnetic field along the line-of-sight favor this small distance. Neither gamma-ray, X-ray, nor optical data yield evidence of a pulsar wind nebula surrounding PSR J0248+6021. We report the discovery of gamma-ray pulsations from PSR J2240+5832. We argue that it could be in the outer arm, although slightly nearer than its DM-derived distance, but that it may be in the Perseus arm at half the distance. The energy flux and distance yield a gamma-ray luminosity for PSR J0248+6021 of Lγ=(1.4 ±0.3)x1034erg/s. For PSR J2240+5832, we find either Lγ=(7.9 ±5.2)x1034erg/s if the pulsar is in the outer arm, or Lγ=(2.2 ±1.7)x1034erg/s for the Perseus arm. These luminosities are consistent with an Lγ ∝sqrt({dot}(E)) rule. Comparison of the gamma-ray pulse profiles with model predictions, including the constraints obtained from radio polarization data, implies outer magnetosphere emission. These two pulsars differ mainly in terms of their inclination angles and acceleration gap widths, which in turn explain the observed differences in the gamma-ray peak widths.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: stars - pulsars: individual: J0248+6021 - pulsars: individual: J2240+5832

Simbad objects: 13

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Number of rows : 13

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 SNR G130.7+03.1 SNR 02 05 37.0 +64 49 42           ~ 575 4
2 PSR J0205+6449 Psr 02 05 37.92 +64 49 42.8           ~ 220 1
3 PSR J0218+42 Psr 02 18 06.3604 +42 32 17.365           ~ 306 2
4 LS I +61 303 HXB 02 40 31.6641883136 +61 13 45.591138110 11.27 11.61 10.75 10.19 9.55 B0Ve 778 2
5 PSR J0248+6021 Psr 02 48 18.642 +60 21 34.70           ~ 40 1
6 IC 1848 OpC 02 51 06 +60 24.6   6.87 6.5     ~ 454 2
7 NAME Per Arm PoG 03 30 +45.0           ~ 1306 0
8 PSR B0656+14 Psr 06 59 48.1960 +14 14 19.400   24.85 24.90     ~ 783 1
9 NAME GUM Nebula ISM 07 43 -42.1           ~ 393 1
10 PSR J2229+6114 Psr 22 29 05.262 +61 14 08.48           ~ 183 2
11 PSR J2238+5903 Psr 22 38 28.089 +59 03 43.37           ~ 25 0
12 PSR J2240+5832 Psr 22 40 42.939 +58 32 37.52           ~ 22 0
13 NAME Local Arm reg ~ ~           ~ 397 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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