Astrophys. J., 728, 16 (2011/February-2)
Infrared spectroscopic observations of the secondary stars of short-period sub-gap cataclysmic variables.
HAMILTON R.T., HARRISON T.E., TAPPERT C. and HOWELL S.B.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present K-band spectroscopy of short-period, "sub-gap" cataclysmic variable (CV) systems obtained using ISAAC on the Very Large Telescope. We show the infrared (IR) spectra for nine systems below the 2-3 hr period gap: V2051 Oph, V436 Cen, EX Hya, VW Hyi, Z Cha, WX Hyi, V893 Sco, RZ Leo, and TY PsA. We are able to clearly detect the secondary star in all but WX Hyi, V893 Sco, and TY PsA. We present the first direct detection of the secondary stars of V2051 Oph, V436 Cen, and determine new spectral classifications for EX Hya, VW Hyi, Z Cha, and RZ Leo. We find that the CO band strengths of all but Z Cha appear normal for their spectral types, in contrast to their longer period cousins above the period gap. This brings the total number of CVs and pre-CVs with moderate resolution (R ≳ 1500) IR spectroscopy to 61 systems: 19 pre-CVs, 31 non-magnetic systems, and 11 magnetic or partially magnetic systems. We discuss the trends seen in the IR abundance patterns thus far and highlight a potential link between anomalous abundances seen in the IR with the C IV/N V anomaly seen in the ultraviolet. We present a compilation of all systems with sufficient resolution IR observations to assess the CO band strengths and, by proxy, obtain an estimate on the C abundance on the secondary star.
binaries: close - infrared: stars - novae, cataclysmic variables - stars: abundances - stars: dwarf novae
BPM 71213 is a misprint for BPM 71214.
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