Astrophys. J., 728, 48 (2011/February-2)
The Mass-Radius(-Rotation?) relation for low-mass stars.
KRAUS A.L., TUCKER R.A., THOMPSON M.I., CRAINE E.R. and HILLENBRAND L.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
The fundamental properties of low-mass stars are not as well understood as those of their more massive counterparts. The best method for constraining these properties, especially masses and radii, is to study eclipsing binary systems, but only a small number of late-type ( ≥ M0) systems have been identified and well characterized to date. We present the discovery and characterization of six new M dwarf eclipsing binary systems. The 12 stars in these eclipsing systems have masses spanning 0.38-0.59 M☉ and orbital periods of 0.6-1.7 days, with typical uncertainties of ∼0.3% in mass and ∼0.5%-2.0% in radius. Combined with six known systems with high-precision measurements, our results reveal an intriguing trend in the low-mass regime. For stars with M= 0.35-0.80 M☉, components in short-period binary systems (P ≲ 1 day; 12 stars) have radii which are inflated by up to 10% (µ = 4.8%±1.0%) with respect to evolutionary models for low-mass main-sequence stars, whereas components in longer-period systems (>1.5 days; 12 stars) tend to have smaller radii (µ = 1.7%±0.7%). This trend supports the hypothesis that short-period systems are inflated by the influence of the close companion, most likely because they are tidally locked into very high rotation speeds that enhance activity and inhibit convection. In summary, very close binary systems are not representative of typical M dwarfs, but our results for longer-period systems indicate that the evolutionary models are broadly valid in the M∼ 0.35-0.80 M☉regime.
binaries: eclipsing - stars: fundamental parameters - stars: late-type - stars: low-mass - stars: rotation
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/728/48): table1.dat table4.dat>
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