2011ApJ...734...51O


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.06.25CEST02:49:36

2011ApJ...734...51O - Astrophys. J., 734, 51 (2011/June-2)

On the evolution of dust mineralogy, from protoplanetary disks to planetary systems.

OLIVEIRA I., OLOFSSON J., PONTOPPIDAN K.M., VAN DISHOECK E.F., AUGEREAU J.-C. and MERIN B.

Abstract (from CDS):

Mineralogical studies of silicate features emitted by dust grains in protoplanetary disks and solar system bodies can shed light on the progress of planet formation. The significant fraction of crystalline material in comets, chondritic meteorites, and interplanetary dust particles indicates a modification of the almost completely amorphous interstellar medium dust from which they formed. The production of crystalline silicates, thus, must happen in protoplanetary disks, where dust evolves to build planets and planetesimals. Different scenarios have been proposed, but it is still unclear how and when this happens. This paper presents dust grain mineralogy (composition, crystallinity, and grain size distribution) of a complete sample of protoplanetary disks in the young Serpens cluster. These results are compared to those in the young Taurus region and to sources that have retained their protoplanetary disks in the older Upper Scorpius and η Chamaeleontis stellar clusters, using the same analysis technique for all samples. This comparison allows an investigation of the grain mineralogy evolution with time for a total sample of 139 disks. The mean cluster age and disk fraction are used as indicators of the evolutionary stage of the different populations. Our results show that the disks in the different regions have similar distributions of mean grain sizes and crystallinity fractions (∼10%-20%) despite the spread in mean ages. Furthermore, there is no evidence of preferential grain sizes for any given disk geometry nor for the mean cluster crystallinity fraction to increase with mean age in the 1-8 Myr range. The main implication is that a modest level of crystallinity is established in the disk surface early on ( ≤ 1 Myr), reaching an equilibrium that is independent of what may be happening in the disk midplane. These results are discussed in the context of planet formation, in comparison with mineralogical results from small bodies in our own solar system.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - methods: statistical - protoplanetary disks - stars: pre-main sequence

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/734/51): table5.dat>

Simbad objects: 153

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Number of rows : 153

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 IRAS 04108+2910 TT* 04 13 57.3761988548 +29 18 19.350926076   15.17       M0e 39 0
2 HD 283447 Or* 04 14 12.9232870093 +28 12 12.378540314 13.17 12.07 10.68 9.45 8.67 K3Ve 386 0
3 V* FM Tau Or* 04 14 13.5839505100 +28 12 49.166941548 14.44   13.80 13.64   M0/2e 197 0
4 V* FN Tau Or* 04 14 14.5943659839 +28 27 58.063377983     14.70 13.68   M5 145 0
5 V* CW Tau Or* 04 14 17.0041128798 +28 10 57.765657757 13.92 13.64 12.36 12.86   K0Ve 325 0
6 V* FP Tau Or* 04 14 47.3027404423 +26 46 26.414740336 17.21 16.14 15.02     M4Ve 149 0
7 V* FO Tau Or* 04 14 49.2797479571 +28 12 30.461592529       14.92   M3.5e+M3.5e 115 0
8 IRAS F04147+2822 TT* 04 17 49.6578079496 +28 29 36.325239443           M3.7 65 0
9 V* DD Tau Or* 04 18 31.1271804823 +28 16 29.158626278 15.94 15.49 14.10 13.76   M3.5e+M3.5e 181 0
10 V* FQ Tau Or* 04 19 12.812616 +28 29 32.98128       15.00   M3 100 0
11 V* BP Tau Or* 04 19 15.8342975037 +29 06 26.929456808   13.13 12.12 11.89   K5/7Ve 620 0
12 V* DE Tau Or* 04 21 55.6346296353 +27 55 06.184221341 15.18 15.13 13.80     M3Ve 231 0
13 V* RY Tau Or* 04 21 57.4132838427 +28 26 35.533990877 10.82 10.34 9.30 9.67 8.87 K1IV/Ve 663 1
14 V* T Tau TT* 04 21 59.4323326335 +19 32 06.439974179   11.22 10.12 9.80   K0IV/Ve 1341 1
15 V* FS Tau Or* 04 22 02.1925017485 +26 57 30.331063489 17.57   14.10 15.63   M3.5e+M0e 263 0
16 IRAS F04192+2647 TT* 04 22 16.7670021430 +26 54 57.171796087 18.78 18.9 17.8     M1IVe 41 0
17 IRAS 04200+2759 Y*O 04 23 07.7759705887 +28 05 57.471848305           M2 36 0
18 V* FT Tau Or* 04 23 39.1894939930 +24 56 14.248383831   16.15 14.93 14.70   M2.8 121 0
19 IRAS 04216+2603 TT* 04 24 44.5796963763 +26 10 14.110985431           M1:Ve 46 0
20 V* IP Tau Or* 04 24 57.0823478325 +27 11 56.543062579   14.50   12.46   M0:Ve 201 0
21 V* FV Tau Or* 04 26 53.5415038432 +26 06 53.942994170 19.58     15.26   K5 127 2
22 V* DF Tau Or* 04 27 02.7917481241 +25 42 22.456361256 11.97 12.25 11.42 10.31 9.14 M3Ve 467 1
23 LDN 1521D DNe 04 27 46.5 +26 18 52           ~ 215 0
24 IRAS F04262+2654 Y*O 04 29 21.6613024117 +27 01 25.528751719           M5.9 41 0
25 V* DH Tau Or* 04 29 41.5520056304 +26 32 58.123761109 15.14 14.62 13.10 13.01   M1Ve 276 0
26 V* IQ Tau Or* 04 29 51.5569553814 +26 06 44.854858369 15.43   13.80 12.28 11.11 M0.5 209 0
27 V* FX Tau Or* 04 30 29.618064 +24 26 45.02724   15.18 13.61 13.21   M4 144 0
28 V* DK Tau A * 04 30 44.2409691803 +26 01 24.730398215           K5Ve 251 0
29 V* DK Tau Or* 04 30 44.243376 +26 01 24.65328 13.32 14.59 13.05 12.08   K7e+K7e 304 0
30 NAME ZZ Tau IRS TT* 04 30 51.7198337523 +24 41 47.604184059     17.1     M5IVe 42 0
31 V* HK Tau Or* 04 31 50.5722969258 +24 24 17.775488652 16.81   15.10     M0.5 304 1
32 V* V710 Tau ** 04 31 57.79848 +18 21 36.9396           ~ 156 0
33 V* V710 Tau A TT* 04 31 57.8032267772 +18 21 34.726898440       13.87   M2/3e 158 0
34 V* GG Tau Or* 04 32 30.3318954228 +17 31 40.834888327 14.84 14.78 13.40 11.54   M0e+M2.0e 672 1
35 V* FZ Tau Or* 04 32 31.7629319321 +24 20 03.057541003 16.15     15.04   M0 125 0
36 IRAS F04297+2246 IR 04 32 47.3 +22 53 01           ~ 4 0
37 JH 112 TT* 04 32 49.1170509526 +22 53 02.847321133 18.81     14.982   K5.5 60 0
38 V* GH Tau Or* 04 33 06.2181025969 +24 09 33.628411049     13.20 12.59   M3Ve 172 0
39 IRAS 04303+2240 Y*O 04 33 19.0746339919 +22 46 34.185095127           M0.5 67 0
40 V* GI Tau Or* 04 33 34.0608378045 +24 21 17.067391746 14.34   13.70 12.15 11.06 K5Ve 261 1
41 V* GK Tau Or* 04 33 34.5626781676 +24 21 05.854541262 15.50   13.00 12.02 10.62 K7:Ve 281 0
42 V* IS Tau Or* 04 33 36.7943820957 +26 09 49.071437296 18.52     14.79   M2.0 117 0
43 V* DL Tau Or* 04 33 39.0766866461 +25 20 38.097973550 14.04 14.59 13.40 11.85 10.89 K7Ve 296 0
44 V* HN Tau Or* 04 33 39.3612389736 +17 51 52.302839814   14.76 13.40 13.05   K5e 227 0
45 V* DM Tau Or* 04 33 48.7335659850 +18 10 09.974471722 14.30 14.82 14.00     M2Ve 545 0
46 V* CI Tau Or* 04 33 52.0144455735 +22 50 30.093741884 14.97 15.09 13.80     K4IVe 288 1
47 V* AA Tau Or* 04 34 55.4222683130 +24 28 53.038273587 13.14 13.34 12.20     K5Ve 655 0
48 V* HO Tau Or* 04 35 20.2103777721 +22 32 14.557063236     15.20     M0.5 115 0
49 V* DN Tau Or* 04 35 27.3776240781 +24 14 58.908761629 13.56 12.88 11.50 11.79   M1:Ve 358 0
50 NAME CoKu Tau 3 TT* 04 35 40.937952 +24 11 08.49012 20.58         M4.3 93 0
51 V* HP Tau Or* 04 35 52.7821592361 +22 54 23.158368128 17.39 14.9 14.90     K2-5e 196 1
52 V* DO Tau Or* 04 38 28.5882167490 +26 10 49.472067634 12.78 13.44 12.30 13.01   M1Ve 327 1
53 V* VY Tau Or* 04 39 17.4208176970 +22 47 53.361809753     9.00     M0Ve 183 0
54 EM* LkCa 15 Or* 04 39 17.7912813350 +22 21 03.387667491   13.01 12.03 11.61   K5:Ve 583 1
55 IRAS 04370+2559 Y*O 04 40 08.0044564423 +26 05 25.424058995           M 51 0
56 NAME Taurus Complex SFR 04 41.0 +25 52           ~ 3730 0
57 CoKu Tau-Aur Star 4 TT* 04 41 16.8106225314 +28 40 00.077173462   16.40 14.68 14.59   M1.5e 169 0
58 Haro 6-33 TT* 04 41 38.8300758211 +25 56 26.681998749     18.40     M0.5 105 2
59 EM* LkHA 332 Or* 04 42 07.7923691084 +25 23 11.820801806 17.90 16.51       K7+M2.5 145 1
60 V* DP Tau Or* 04 42 37.6996387891 +25 15 36.992730557 15.84 15.2 13.70 14.42   M0.8 156 1
61 V* GO Tau Or* 04 43 03.0761884276 +25 20 18.708294279   16.2 14.40     M2.3 163 0
62 V* DQ Tau Or* 04 46 53.0577037389 +17 00 00.135310040 14.56 13.67 12.00 13.21   M1Ve 302 0
63 Haro 6-37 Or* 04 46 58.97952 +17 02 38.1948           K7e+M1e 105 0
64 V* DR Tau Or* 04 47 06.2152696011 +16 58 42.814250257 12.03 11.86 10.50 12.19   K5Ve 485 0
65 V* DS Tau Or* 04 47 48.5954846337 +29 25 11.189809829 13.11 13.16 12.30 12.37 10.80 K4Ve 220 0
66 V* UY Aur Or* 04 51 47.3900418279 +30 47 13.552212742 12.82 12.96 11.90 10.59 9.52 M0e+M2.5e 334 0
67 V* GM Aur Or* 04 55 10.9813656049 +30 21 59.375978047 14.59 13.351 12.242 11.798   K3Ve 570 0
68 V* SU Aur Or* 04 55 59.3861369488 +30 34 01.499800471   10.33 9.30 9.17   G2IIIne 547 0
69 IRAS F04570+2520 LP* 05 00 05.2432974849 +25 25 00.259757482   16.36 14.55 13.95   ~ 10 0
70 V* V836 Tau TT* 05 03 06.5988350466 +25 23 19.604482133   15.00 13.49 13.48   K7/M0Ve 213 0
71 V* RW Aur TT* 05 07 49.5662483 +30 24 05.177426   10.86 9.60 9.95   K1/5e+K5e 731 0
72 * bet Pic PM* 05 47 17.0876901 -51 03 59.441135 4.13 4.03 3.86 3.74 3.58 A6V 1716 1
73 NAME eta Cha Association MGr 08 42 06 -79 01.6           ~ 319 0
74 V* EK Cha LM* 08 42 27.0970495336 -78 57 47.916541725     15.2     M5 65 0
75 V* ET Cha Or* 08 43 18.5820197784 -79 05 18.203801931     13.97     M2 70 0
76 V* EN Cha LM* 08 44 16.2413047260 -78 59 07.640832807     15.0     M4 54 0
77 V* EP Cha Or* 08 47 01.6438574841 -78 59 34.378576588     11.1     K5 74 0
78 HD 100546 Be* 11 33 25.4404858122 -70 11 41.239343121   6.71 6.30   6.64 A0VaekB8_lB 680 1
79 HD 325367 Or* 16 03 05.4914377137 -40 18 25.426543472   11.40 8.50     M0 297 0
80 2MASS J16035767-2031055 TT* 16 03 57.6711988104 -20 31 05.603641039   13.4   11.73 10.92 K5 46 0
81 [PGZ2001] J160357.9-194210 Y*O 16 03 57.9354910711 -19 42 10.906780303           M2e 35 0
82 ScoPMS 31 TT* 16 06 21.9391622360 -19 28 44.803623004     13.47     M0.5V 39 0
83 [T64] 3 Y*O 16 08 23.2470936068 -19 30 00.980264576         11.79 K9e 44 0
84 [PGZ2001] J160900.7-190852 TT* 16 09 00.7591564381 -19 08 52.683258720           M1.0V 48 0
85 [PGZ2001] J160959.4-180009 Y*O 16 09 59.3318403260 -18 00 09.069450884           M5e 37 0
86 1RXS J161115.1-175741 Y*O 16 11 15.3443459469 -17 57 21.427794531           M1e 35 0
87 NAME Upper Sco Association As* 16 12 -23.4           ~ 1109 1
88 CD-22 11432 TT* 16 14 11.0697507472 -23 05 36.071480044   11.90 10.70   9.255 K2IV 68 0
89 [T64] 7 Y*O 16 14 20.2881608121 -19 06 48.062339327           K5e 51 0
90 IRAS 16114-1858 mul 16 14 22.1 -19 06 14           ~ 47 0
91 2MASS J18275383-0002335 Y*O 18 27 53.8220872353 -00 02 33.363061455           K2: 10 0
92 2MASS J18280848-0001065 Y*O 18 28 08.48 -00 01 06.5           M0: 10 0
93 HBC 665 Em* 18 28 13.5200738002 -00 02 49.355955640   15.1       K5: 19 0
94 2MASS J18281502-0002592 Y*O 18 28 15.0330110308 -00 02 59.113913303           M0: 10 0
95 HBC 667 Em* 18 28 15.249 -00 02 43.37   17.3       K7 19 1
96 2MASS J18281630-0003164 Y*O 18 28 16.2997537776 -00 03 16.296536805           ~ 9 0
97 2MASS J18282143+0010409 Y*O 18 28 21.4453481856 +00 10 41.142892766           M2: 10 0
98 2MASS J18282160+0000161 Y*O 18 28 21.6065013960 +00 00 16.256097697           ~ 10 0
99 2MASS J18282906+0027560 Y*O 18 28 29.062 +00 27 56.04           ~ 11 0
100 2MASS J18284481+0048085 Y*O 18 28 44.8127138351 +00 48 08.509667538           M2: 10 0
101 2MASS J18284499+0045239 Y*O 18 28 45.00 +00 45 23.9       16.6   M1: 11 0
102 2MASS J18284558-0007131 Y*O 18 28 45.5971308868 -00 07 13.122020154           ~ 8 0
103 2MASS J18285021+0009494 TT? 18 28 50.2158480251 +00 09 49.560287045           K5: 17 0
104 2MASS J18285249+0020257 Y*O 18 28 52.50 +00 20 25.8           M7: 9 1
105 2MASS J18285277+0028463 Y*O 18 28 52.779 +00 28 46.37           K2: 15 1
106 2MASS J18285396+0045528 Y*O 18 28 53.9680843595 +00 45 52.781650414       18.7   M0.5: 11 0
107 2MASS J18285530+0020520 Y*O 18 28 55.3039610719 +00 20 52.214212544           M5.5: 10 0
108 2MASS J18285862+0048593 Y*O 18 28 58.6294183545 +00 48 59.264208431           M2.5: 10 0
109 2MASS J18290025+0016578 Y*O 18 29 00.2543426546 +00 16 57.848837376       17.7   K2: 12 0
110 2MASS J18290058+0045078 Y*O 18 29 00.5875708683 +00 45 07.754080181           ~ 8 0
111 2MASS J18290083+0027466 Y*O 18 29 00.834 +00 27 46.68           ~ 9 0
112 2MASS J18290088+0029312 Y*O 18 29 00.8921044469 +00 29 31.360084271       17.0   K7: 19 0
113 HBC 668 Em* 18 29 01.2258619468 +00 29 33.113212934   16.8       M0.5: 24 0
114 2MASS J18290174+0029463 Y*O 18 29 01.7476648893 +00 29 46.619094383     19.7     M0: 20 0
115 [DAB2006] ISO- 84 cor 18 29 02.864 +00 30 09.15           ~ 14 0
116 2MASS J18290394+0020212 Y*O 18 29 03.9404740943 +00 20 21.260486426       15.6   K5: 12 0
117 2MASS J18290615+0019442 Y*O 18 29 06.1572284330 +00 19 44.287886834       18.8   M3: 10 0
118 2MASS J18290698+0038378 Y*O 18 29 06.983 +00 38 37.82       21.9   ~ 12 0
119 2MASS J18290765+0052223 Y*O 18 29 07.6576690317 +00 52 22.121009718           ~ 8 0
120 2MASS J18290776+0054036 Y*O 18 29 07.7685940537 +00 54 03.603621305           M1: 10 0
121 2MASS J18290955+0037016 Y*O 18 29 09.557 +00 37 01.61           ~ 11 0
122 2MASS J18290980+0034456 Y*O 18 29 09.8083212924 +00 34 45.738464278           M5: 11 0
123 2MASS J18291509+0052122 Y*O 18 29 15.1095916114 +00 52 12.068908234           M5.5: 7 0
124 2MASS J18291540-0012520 Y*O 18 29 15.4087737877 -00 12 52.099828649           M0.5: 10 0
125 2MASS J18291558+0039116 Y*O 18 29 15.5866195494 +00 39 11.696250588           K5: 11 0
126 2MASS J18291564+0039227 Y*O 18 29 15.6449796051 +00 39 22.791784120       21.1   ~ 10 0
127 2MASS J18291969+0018030 Y*O 18 29 19.7000213995 +00 18 02.997697362           M0: 10 0
128 2MASS J18292184+0019385 Y*O 18 29 21.84 +00 19 38.5           M1: 10 0
129 2MASS J18292641+0030043 Y*O 18 29 26.417 +00 30 04.36       21.9   ~ 10 0
130 2MASS J18292679+0039496 Y*O 18 29 26.79 +00 39 49.7           ~ 8 0
131 2MASS J18292824-0022573 Y*O 18 29 28.24 -00 22 57.4           ~ 15 1
132 2MASS J18292834+0049568 Y*O 18 29 28.3448840372 +00 49 56.846165790           ~ 4 0
133 2MASS J18292928+0017598 Y*O 18 29 29.2805806835 +00 17 59.998055515           M3: 9 0
134 2MASS J18293563+0035035 Y*O 18 29 35.632 +00 35 03.52       18.2   K7: 15 0
135 2MASS J18293620+0042163 Y*O 18 29 36.2144674932 +00 42 16.522979163       18.8   F9: 13 0
136 2MASS J18293672+0047577 Y*O 18 29 36.7250748690 +00 47 57.865934718           M0.5: 10 0
137 2MASS J18294021+0015127 Y*O 18 29 40.2165011093 +00 15 12.964573605           K2: 12 0
138 2MASS J18294122+0049020 Y*O 18 29 41.23 +00 49 02.0       19.3   K7: 10 0
139 2MASS J18294410+0033559 Y*O 18 29 44.1101340149 +00 33 56.112852732           M0: 14 0
140 2MASS J18294502+0035264 Y*O 18 29 45.0309443971 +00 35 26.577103095       21.6   M0: 12 0
141 2MASS J18294726+0032229 Y*O 18 29 47.2701210458 +00 32 23.072873875           M0: 12 0
142 NAME Serpens Cloud SFR 18 29 49 +01 14.8           ~ 975 2
143 2MASS J18295003+0051014 Y*O 18 29 50.0328632913 +00 51 01.451215834       18.0   M2: 10 0
144 2MASS J18295017+0056080 Y*O 18 29 50.1909275629 +00 56 07.731721338           ~ 10 0
145 IRAS 18273+0034 cor 18 29 53.06 +00 36 06.4           ~ 22 0
146 2MASS J18295594+0040150 Y*O 18 29 55.9466980976 +00 40 14.960004885           M4: 10 0
147 NAME Serpens Cluster As* 18 29 57 +01 14.4           ~ 60 0
148 2MASS J18295702+0033000 Y*O 18 29 57.0334654193 +00 33 00.047610550           ~ 8 0
149 IRAS 18274+0112 Y*O 18 29 57.73680 +01 14 05.6940           M4: 137 2
150 2MASS J18295872+0036203 Y*O 18 29 58.7270578970 +00 36 20.432326969           ~ 7 0
151 2MASS J18300179+0032161 Y*O 18 30 01.798 +00 32 16.14           K7: 10 0
152 2MASS J18300349+0023445 Y*O 18 30 03.5158681315 +00 23 44.985773514           M0: 10 0
153 * alf PsA ** 22 57 39.04625 -29 37 20.0533 1.31 1.25 1.16 1.11 1.09 A4V 1144 3

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2021.06.25-02:49:36

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