SIMBAD references

2011MNRAS.415..867D - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 415, 867-880 (2011/July-3)

The Vela and Geminga pulsars in the mid-infrared.


Abstract (from CDS):

The Vela and Geminga pulsars are rotation-powered neutron stars, which have been identified in various spectral domains, from the near-infrared to hard γ-rays. In the near-infrared, they exhibit tentative emission excesses, as compared to the optical range. To check whether these features are real, we analysed archival mid-infrared broad-band images obtained with the Spitzer Space Telescope in the 3.6–160 µm range and compared them with the data in other spectral domains. In the 3.6- and 5.8-µm bands, we detected at an ∼4–5σ significance level a point-like object that is likely to be the counterpart of the Vela pulsar. Its position coincides with the pulsar at a ≲0.4 arcsec 1σ accuracy level. Combining the measured fluxes with the available multiwavelength spectrum of the pulsar shows a steep flux increase towards the infrared, confirming the reality of the near-infrared excess reported earlier and hence the reality of the suggested mid-infrared pulsar identification. Geminga is also identified, but only at a marginal 2σ detection level in one 3.6-µm band. This needs further confirmation by deeper observations, while the estimated flux is also compatible with the near-infrared Geminga excess. The detection of the infrared excess is in contrast to the Crab pulsar, where it is absent, but is similar to the two magnetars, 4U 0142+61 and 1E 2259+586, showing similar features. We discuss X-ray-irradiated fall-back discs around the pulsars, unresolved pulsar nebula structures and pulsar magnetospheres as possible origins of the excesses. We also note possible infrared signatures of an extended tail behind Geminga and of the Vela plerion radio lobes.

Abstract Copyright: 2011 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society2011 RAS

Journal keyword(s): stars: neutron - pulsars: individual: Geminga - pulsars: individual: Vela - infrared: stars

CDS comments: Parag. 3.1 : HESS J0855-455 is a misprint for HESS J0835-455

Simbad objects: 15

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