Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 548A, 33-33 (2012/12-1)
Deep search for companions to probable young brown dwarfs. VLT/NACO adaptive optics imaging using IR wavefront sensing.
CHAUVIN G., FAHERTY J., BOCCALETTI A., CRUZ K., LAGRANGE A.-M., ZUCKERMAN B., BESSELL M.S., BEUZIT J.-L., BONNEFOY M., DUMAS C., LOWRANCE P., MOUILLET D. and SONG I.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have obtained high contrast images of four nearby, faint, and very low mass objects 2MASSJ04351455-1414468, SDSSJ044337.61+000205.1, 2MASSJ06085283-2753583 and 2MASSJ06524851-5741376 (hereafter 2MASS0435-14, SDSS0443+00, 2MASS0608-27 and 2MASS0652-57), identified in the field as probable isolated young brown dwarfs. Our goal was to search for binary companions down to the planetary mass regime. We used the NAOS-CONICA adaptive optics instrument (NACO) and its unique capability to sense the wavefront in the near-infrared to acquire sharp images of the four systems in Ks, with a field of view of 28''x28''. Additional J and L' imaging and follow-up observations at a second epoch were obtained for 2MASS0652-57. With a typical contrast ΔKs=4.0-7.0mag, our observations are sensitive down to the planetary mass regime considering a minimum age of 10 to 120Myr for these systems. No additional point sources are detected in the environment of 2MASS0435-14, SDSS0443+00 and 2MASS0608-27 between 0.1-12'' (i.e. about 2 to 250AU at 20pc). 2MASS0652-57 is resolved as a ∼230mas binary. Follow-up observations reject a background contaminate, resolve the orbital motion of the pair, and confirm with high confidence that the system is physically bound. The J, Ks and L' photometry suggest a q∼0.7-0.8 mass ratio binary with a probable semi-major axis of 5-6AU. Among the four systems, 2MASS0652-57 is probably the less constrained in terms of age determination. Further analysis would be necessary to confirm its youth. It would then be interesting to determine its orbital and physical properties to derive the system's dynamical mass and to test evolutionary model predictions.
brown dwarfs - binaries: close - instrumentation: adaptive optics - techniques: image processing
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