Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 548A, 34-34 (2012/12-1)
Elemental abundances and classification of carbon-enhanced metal-poor stars.
ALLEN D.M., RYAN S.G., ROSSI S., BEERS T.C. and TSANGARIDES S.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed study of carbon-enhanced metal-poor (CEMP) stars, based on high-resolution spectroscopic observations of a sample of 18 stars. The stellar spectra for this sample were obtained at the 4.2m William Herschel Telescope in 2001 and 2002, using the Utrecht Echelle Spectrograph, at a resolving power R∼52000 and S/N∼40, covering the wavelength range λλ3700-5700Å. The atmospheric parameters determined for this sample indicate temperatures ranging from 4750K to 7100K, logg from 1.5 to 4.3, and metallicities -3.0≤[Fe/H]≤-1.7. Elemental abundances for C, Na, Mg, Sc, Ti, Cr, Cu, Zn, Sr, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Dy are determined. Abundances for an additional 109 stars were taken from the literature and combined with the data of our sample. The literature sample reveals a lack of reliable abundance estimates for species that might be associated with the r-process elements for about 67% of CEMP stars, preventing a complete understanding of this class of stars, since [Ba/Eu] ratios are used to classify them. Although eight stars in our observed sample are also found in the literature sample, Eu abundances or limits are determined for four of these stars for the first time. From the observed correlations between C, Ba, and Eu, we argue that the CEMP-r/s class has the same astronomical origin as CEMP-s stars, highlighting the need for a more complete understanding of Eu production.
stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: carbon
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/548/A34): table1.dat table2.dat table5.dat table7.dat>
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