First detection of a subkiloparsec scale molecular outflow in the starburst galaxy NGC 3628.
TSAI A.-L., MATSUSHITA S., KONG A.K.H., MATSUMOTO H. and KOHNO K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We successfully detected a molecular outflow with a scale of 370-450 pc in the central region of the starburst galaxy NGC 3628 through deep CO(1-0) observations by using the Nobeyama Millimeter Array (NMA). The mass of the outflowing molecular gas is ∼2.8x107 M☉, and the outflow velocity is ∼90±10 km/s. The expansion timescale of the outflow is 3.3-6.8 Myr, and the molecular gas mass flow rate is 4.1-8.5 M☉/yr. It requires mechanical energy of (1.8-2.8)x1054 erg to create this sub-kpc scale molecular outflow. In order to understand the evolution of the molecular outflow, we compare the physical properties between the molecular outflow observed from our NMA CO(1-0) data and the plasma gas from the soft X-ray emission of the Chandra X-ray Observatory archival data. We found that the distribution between the molecular outflow and the strong plasma outflow seems to be in a similar region. In this region, the ram pressure and the thermal pressure of the plasma outflow are 10–(8–10) dyn/cm2, and the thermal pressure of molecular outflow is 10–(11–13) dyn/cm2. This implies that the molecular outflow is still expanding outward. The molecular gas consumption timescale is estimated as 17-27 Myr, and the total starburst timescale is 20-34 Myr. The evolutionary parameter is 0.11-0.25, suggesting that the starburst activity in NGC 3628 is still in a young stage.
ISM: bubbles - ISM: jets and outflows - galaxies: individual: NGC 3628 - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: starburst