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2012MNRAS.419.1525H - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 419, 1525-1536 (2012/January-2)

Narrow absorption features in the co-added XMM-Newton RGS spectra of isolated neutron stars.


Abstract (from CDS):

We co-added the available XMM-Newton Reflection Grating Spectrometer (RGS) spectra for each of the isolated X-ray pulsars RX J0720.4-3125, RX J1308.6+2127 (RBS1223), RX J1605.3+3249 and RX J1856.4-3754 (four members of the `Magnificent Seven') and the `Three Musketeers' Geminga, PSR B0656+14 and PSR B1055-52. We confirm the detection of a narrow absorption feature at 0.57 keV in the co-added RGS spectra of RX J0720.4-3125 and RX J1605.3+3249 (including most recent observations). In addition, we found similar absorption features in the spectra of RX J1308.6+2127 (at 0.53 keV) and maybe PSR B1055-52 (at 0.56 keV). The absorption feature in the spectra of RX J1308.6+2127 is broader than the feature e.g. in RX J0720.4-3125. The narrow absorption features are detected with 2-5.6σ significance.

Although very bright and frequently observed, there are no absorption features visible in the spectra of RX J1856.4-3754 and PSR B0656+14, while the co-added XMM-Newton RGS spectrum of Geminga has not enough counts to detect such a feature.

We discuss a possible origin of these absorption features as lines caused by the presence of highly ionized oxygen (in particular O VII and/or O VI at 0.57 keV) in the interstellar medium and absorption in the neutron star atmosphere, namely the absorption features at 0.57 keV as gravitational redshifted (gr= 1.17) O VIII.

Abstract Copyright: 2011 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society2011 RAS

Journal keyword(s): stars: neutron - pulsars: individual: Geminga - pulsars: individual: PSR B0656+14 - pulsars: individual: PSR B1055-52 - pulsars: individual: RX J0720.4-3125 - pulsars: individual: RX J1308.6+2127 - pulsars: individual: RX J1605.3+3249 - pulsars: individual: RX J1856.4-3754

Simbad objects: 14

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