Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 426, 2078-2088 (2012/November-1)
Counts of high-redshift GRBs as probes of primordial non-Gaussianities.
MAIO U., SALVATERRA R., MOSCARDINI L. and CIARDI B.
Abstract (from CDS):
We propose to use high-redshift long γ-ray bursts (GRBs) as cosmological tools to constrain the amount of primordial non-Gaussianity in the density field. By using numerical, N-body, hydrodynamic, chemistry simulations of different cosmological volumes with various Gaussian and non-Gaussian models, we self-consistently relate the cosmic star formation rate density to the corresponding GRB rate. Assuming that GRBs are fair tracers of cosmic star formation, we find that positive local non-Gaussianities, described in terms of the non-linear parameter, fNL, might boost significantly the GRB rate at high redshift, z ≫ 6. Deviations with respect to the Gaussian case account for a few orders of magnitude if fNL ∼ 1000, one order of magnitude for fNL ∼ 100 and a factor of ∼ 2 for fNL ∼ 50. These differences are found only at large redshift, while at later times the rates tend to converge. Furthermore, a comparison between our predictions and the observed GRB data at z > 6 allows us to exclude large negative fNL, consistently with previous works. Future detections of any long GRB at extremely high redshift (z ∼ 15–20) could favour non-Gaussian scenarios with positive fNL. More stringent constraints require much larger high-z GRB complete samples, currently not available in the literature. By distinguishing the contributions to the GRB rate from the metal-poor Population III regime, and the metal-enriched Population II–I regime, we conclude that the latter is a more solid tracer of the underlying matter distribution, while the former is strongly dominated by feedback mechanisms from the first, massive, short-lived stars, rather than by possible non-Gaussian fluctuations. This holds quite independently of the assumed Population III initial mass function.
© 2012 The Authors Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society © 2012 RAS
cosmology: theory - dark ages, reionization, first stars - early Universe - large-scale structure of Universe - gamma-rays: general - gamma-rays: stars
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