Astrophys. J., 771, L9 (2013/July-1)
Supernova ejecta in the youngest galactic supernova remnant G1.9+0.3.
BORKOWSKI K.J., REYNOLDS S.P., HWANG U., GREEN D.A., PETRE R., KRISHNAMURTHY K. and WILLETT R.
Abstract (from CDS):
G1.9+0.3 is the youngest known Galactic supernova remnant (SNR), with an estimated supernova (SN) explosion date of ∼1900, and most likely located near the Galactic center. Only the outermost ejecta layers with free-expansion velocities ≳ 18,000 km/s have been shocked so far in this dynamically young, likely Type Ia SNR. A long (980 ks) Chandra observation in 2011 allowed spatially resolved spectroscopy of heavy-element ejecta. We denoised Chandra data with the spatio-spectral method of Krishnamurthy et al., and used a wavelet-based technique to spatially localize thermal emission produced by intermediate-mass elements (IMEs; Si and S) and iron. The spatial distribution of both IMEs and Fe is extremely asymmetric, with the strongest ejecta emission in the northern rim. Fe Kα emission is particularly prominent there, and fits with thermal models indicate strongly oversolar Fe abundances. In a localized, outlying region in the northern rim, IMEs are less abundant than Fe, indicating that undiluted Fe-group elements (including 56Ni) with velocities >18,000 km/s were ejected by this SN. However, in the inner west rim, we find Si- and S-rich ejecta without any traces of Fe, so high-velocity products of O-burning were also ejected. G1.9+0.3 appears similar to energetic Type Ia SNe such as SN 2010jn where iron-group elements at such high free-expansion velocities have been recently detected. The pronounced asymmetry in the ejecta distribution and abundance inhomogeneities are best explained by a strongly asymmetric SN explosion, similar to those produced in some recent three-dimensional delayed-detonation Type Ia models.
ISM: individual: G1.9+0.3 - ISM: supernova remnants - nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - X-rays: ISM
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