SIMBAD references

2013ApJ...774....1C - Astrophys. J., 774, 1 (2013/September-1)

The TRENDS high-contrast imaging survey. III. A faint white dwarf companion orbiting HD 114174.


Abstract (from CDS):

The nearby Sun-like star HD 114174 exhibits a strong and persistent Doppler acceleration indicating the presence of an unseen distant companion. We have acquired high-contrast imaging observations of this star using NIRC2 at Keck and report the direct detection of the body responsible for causing the "trend." HD 114174 B has a projected separation of 692±9 mas (18.1 AU) and is 10.75±0.12 mag (contrast of 5x10–5) fainter than its host in the K-band, requiring aggressive point-spread function subtraction to identify. Our astrometric time baseline of 1.4 yr demonstrates physical association through common proper motion. We find that the companion has absolute magnitude, MJ= 13.97±0.11, and colors, J - K = 0.12±0.16 mag. These characteristics are consistent with an ~T3 dwarf, initially leading us to believe that HD 114174 B was a substellar object. However, a dynamical analysis that combines radial velocity measurements with available imaging data indicates a minimum mass of 0.260±0.010 M. We conclude that HD 114174 B must be a white dwarf. Assuming a hydrogen-rich composition, atmospheric and evolutionary model fits yield an effective temperature Teff= 8200 ±4000 K, surface gravity log g = 8.90±0.02, and cooling age of tc~ 3.4 Gyr, which is consistent with the 4.7–2.6+2.3 Gyr host star isochronal age estimate. HD 114174 B is a benchmark object located only 26.14±0.37 pc from the Sun. It may be studied at a level of detail comparable to Sirius and Procyon, and used to understand the link between the mass of white dwarf remnants with that of their progenitors.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): astrometry - stars: individual: HD 114174 - techniques: high angular resolution - techniques: radial velocities - white dwarfs

Simbad objects: 16

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