2013ApJ...777...42K


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2021.05.18CEST03:20:43

2013ApJ...777...42K - Astrophys. J., 777, 42 (2013/November-1)

Connecting transitions in galaxy properties to refueling.

KANNAPPAN S.J., STARK D.V., ECKERT K.D., MOFFETT A.J., WEI L.H., PISANO D.J., BAKER A.J., VOGEL S.N., FABRICANT D.G., LAINE S., NORRIS M.A., JOGEE S., LEPORE N., HOUGH L.E. and WEINBERG-WOLF J.

Abstract (from CDS):

We relate transitions in galaxy structure and gas content to refueling, here defined to include both the external gas accretion and the internal gas processing needed to renew reservoirs for star formation. We analyze two z = 0 data sets: a high-quality ∼200 galaxy sample (the Nearby Field Galaxy Survey, data release herein) and a volume-limited ∼3000 galaxy sample with reprocessed archival data. Both reach down to baryonic masses ∼109 M and span void-to-cluster environments. Two mass-dependent transitions are evident: (1) below the "gas-richness threshold" scale (V ∼ 125 km/s), gas-dominated quasi-bulgeless Sd-Im galaxies become numerically dominant; while (2) above the "bimodality" scale (V ∼ 200 km/s), gas-starved E/S0s become the norm. Notwithstanding these transitions, galaxy mass (or V as its proxy) is a poor predictor of gas-to-stellar mass ratio Mgas/M*. Instead, Mgas/M* correlates well with the ratio of a galaxy's stellar mass formed in the last Gyr to its preexisting stellar mass, such that the two ratios have numerically similar values. This striking correspondence between past-averaged star formation and current gas richness implies routine refueling of star-forming galaxies on Gyr timescales. We argue that this refueling underlies the tight Mgas/M* versus color correlations often used to measure "photometric gas fractions." Furthermore, the threshold and bimodality scale transitions reflect mass-dependent demographic shifts between three refueling regimes–accretion-dominated, processing-dominated, and quenched. In this picture, gas-dominated dwarfs are explained not by inefficient star formation but by overwhelming gas accretion, which fuels stellar mass doubling in ≲ 1 Gyr. Moreover, moderately gas-rich bulged disks such as the Milky Way are transitional, becoming abundant only in the narrow range between the threshold and bimodality scales.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: evolution

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/777/42): table1.dat table2.dat>

Simbad objects: 192

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Number of rows : 192

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 UGC 130 GiG 00 13 56.9075024205 +30 52 58.467298147   14.2       ~ 31 0
2 UGC 313 G 00 31 26.0547699060 +06 12 24.267113500   14.3       ~ 51 0
3 NGC 193 rG 00 39 18.578 +03 19 52.87   14.3       ~ 125 1
4 UGC 439 GiG 00 41 21.565 -01 42 57.44   14.3   13.9 13.6 ~ 60 0
5 UGC 484 GiP 00 46 55.988 +32 40 31.23   13.86       ~ 60 1
6 NGC 315 LIN 00 57 48.88335 +30 21 08.8122 12.80 12.20 11.16 11.26   ~ 724 2
7 UGC 615 Sy2 00 59 40.1145001077 +15 19 51.522544097   14.2       ~ 46 0
8 NGC 382 GiP 01 07 24.08 +32 24 14.2   14.2       ~ 98 1
9 IC 1639 LSB 01 11 46.5533083371 -00 39 51.628833313   14.2       ~ 49 0
10 UGC 793 Sy1 01 14 48.6770289085 -00 29 46.098514340   17.87 17.32     ~ 45 0
11 UGC 892 IG 01 21 16.640 -00 32 40.26   14.5       ~ 44 0
12 NGC 516 GiP 01 24 08.0797084440 +09 33 06.394085218   14.3       ~ 73 0
13 UGC 1104 G 01 32 42.5186826328 +18 19 01.475032761 15.03 14.56 14.13 13.89   ~ 82 0
14 UGC 1155 GiC 01 37 07.2922593687 +04 53 07.204838436   14.5       ~ 31 0
15 UGC 1154 G 01 37 16.9024851473 +28 53 25.780653919   14.4       ~ 31 0
16 UGC 1176 GiP 01 40 10.39 +15 54 18.6 14.60 14.38 14.02 13.69   ~ 88 0
17 NGC 695 G 01 51 14.3476899804 +22 34 55.956806358   13.7       ~ 171 1
18 UGC 1551 LSB 02 03 37.495 +24 04 31.89   14.1       ~ 66 0
19 IC 195 GiP 02 03 44.6074765554 +14 42 33.437120216   14.3       ~ 58 0
20 IC 197 G 02 04 04.9374110146 +02 47 12.393033509   14.3       ~ 33 0
21 IC 1776 G 02 05 15.242 +06 06 24.92   14.4       ~ 32 0
22 UGC 1630 G 02 08 24.655 +14 58 18.99   14.3       ~ 31 0
23 NGC 825 GiP 02 08 32.3318412051 +06 19 24.976423165   14.5       ~ 57 0
24 NGC 927 G 02 26 37.2832074811 +12 09 18.730215854   14.5       ~ 47 0
25 UGC 1945 LSB 02 28 12.376 -01 20 56.33   13.7   13.7 13.6 ~ 51 0
26 NGC 984 G 02 34 43.1 +23 24 47   14.5       ~ 51 1
27 NGC 1029 GiP 02 39 36.5362845721 +10 47 35.725008704   14.20 13.11 12.47 11.52 ~ 45 0
28 UGC 2345 G 02 51 52.690 -01 10 22.14   14.0   13.8 14.9 ~ 64 0
29 NGC 1298 GiG 03 20 13.0769557231 -02 06 50.676447374   14.2       ~ 46 1
30 UGC 2704 GiG 03 22 47.4227457162 -01 55 22.082151749   13.26 12.96     ~ 22 0
31 NGC 1552 GiG 04 20 17.686 -00 41 33.65   14.4       ~ 33 0
32 NGC 2692 LIN 08 56 58.0052952246 +52 03 57.415790281   14.18       ~ 53 1
33 UGC 4713 LIN 09 00 20.2556380851 +52 29 39.265966114   13.7       ~ 49 0
34 UGC 4787 G 09 07 34.759 +33 16 40.33   14.3       ~ 49 0
35 NGC 2780 GiP 09 12 44.366 +34 55 31.85   14.2       ~ 73 0
36 UGC 4879 G 09 16 02.0197873600 +52 50 42.052874443   14.0 13.2     ~ 108 0
37 NGC 2799 GiP 09 17 31.0042502187 +41 59 38.582226495   14.32 13.71     ~ 118 1
38 NGC 2824 AGN 09 19 02.2155492373 +26 16 12.010981279   14.3       ~ 105 1
39 NGC 2844 GiG 09 21 48.0193563474 +40 09 04.443202670   13.6       ~ 118 0
40 NGC 3011 Sy2 09 49 41.2024715868 +32 13 15.994080462   14.2       ~ 83 0
41 NGC 3009 GiG 09 50 11.1223034764 +44 17 42.142343161   14.5       ~ 36 0
42 IC 2520 IG 09 56 20.160 +27 13 39.32   14.3       ~ 53 0
43 UGC 5354 LSB 09 58 53.391 +47 44 12.67   14.4       ~ 51 0
44 NGC 3075 GiG 09 58 56.2867470381 +14 25 07.474610834   14.5       ~ 39 0
45 UGC 5378 G 10 00 31.9918120514 +04 24 25.671045696   14.2       ~ 55 0
46 NGC 3104 IG 10 03 57.185 +40 45 41.43   14.2       ~ 109 0
47 UGC 5451 LSB 10 07 18.950 +47 00 23.45   14.1       ~ 48 0
48 NGC 3165 GiG 10 13 31.2938712149 +03 22 30.000273767   14.5       ~ 59 0
49 UGC 5522 G 10 13 58.795 +07 01 26.88   14.4       ~ 57 0
50 NGC 3179 G 10 17 57.206 +41 06 51.49   14.2       ~ 31 0
51 UGC 5577 LSB 10 20 03.6403457626 +38 36 55.904191601   14.3       ~ 30 0
52 NGC 3213 GiG 10 21 17.3495854616 +19 39 06.358164480   14.3       ~ 47 0
53 NGC 3264 G 10 32 19.520 +56 05 06.60   14.3       ~ 56 0
54 NGC 3279 GiG 10 34 42.792 +11 11 50.08   14.10       ~ 89 0
55 NVSS J103504+463341 rG 10 35 04.867 +46 33 41.22   14.1       ~ 43 0
56 UGC 5760 GiG 10 36 21.321 +13 42 41.00   14.2       ~ 44 0
57 IC 2591 rG 10 36 38.621 +35 03 10.90   14.5       ~ 35 0
58 UGC 5791 GiP 10 39 26.850 +47 56 49.65   14.4       ~ 49 0
59 NGC 3326 rG 10 39 31.860 +05 06 27.36   14.2       ~ 44 0
60 UGC 5798 LSB 10 39 46.923 +47 55 55.09   14.5       ~ 40 0
61 UGC 5819 AGN 10 41 50.7376870231 +38 43 00.425485105   14.5       ~ 30 0
62 UGC 5870 GiG 10 45 59.407 +34 57 53.63   14.3       ~ 27 0
63 UGC 5892 LIN 10 47 29.553 +07 15 03.80   14.5       ~ 32 0
64 Mrk 1264 EmG 10 49 07.548 +06 55 02.61 15.41 14.86 14.21 13.93   ~ 62 0
65 Mrk 1267 bCG 10 53 03.845 +04 37 54.24   14.1       ~ 72 0
66 NGC 3454 GiP 10 54 29.458 +17 20 38.58   14.1       ~ 106 0
67 UGC 6104 LSB 11 01 50.955 +16 36 25.11   14.4       ~ 43 0
68 NGC 3499 GiG 11 03 11.0433045432 +56 13 18.395450138   14.3       ~ 67 0
69 NGC 3510 LSB 11 03 43.356 +28 53 13.58   13.6       ~ 176 0
70 NGC 3522 GiG 11 06 40.4634151666 +20 05 07.901375486   14.13       ~ 94 1
71 UGC 6162 G 11 06 54.697 +51 12 12.16   14.20       ~ 65 0
72 IC 673 EmG 11 09 25.279 -00 05 51.48   14.06   13.646 14.1 ~ 50 1
73 UGC 6201 LIN 11 09 43.704 +46 48 51.39   14.3       ~ 22 0
74 FIRST J110949.3+124614 rG 11 09 49.2964169794 +12 46 17.549168163   14.2       ~ 37 0
75 NGC 3605 GiG 11 16 46.622 +18 01 01.71   12.7       ~ 245 0
76 UGC 6296 GiG 11 16 51.086 +17 47 53.75   14.3       ~ 45 0
77 NGC 3633 G 11 20 26.213 +03 35 07.75   14.45       ~ 63 1
78 IC 692 GiG 11 25 53.492 +09 59 14.16   14.1       ~ 44 0
79 UGC 6446 GiC 11 26 40.4634006889 +53 44 47.988050815   14.5       ~ 138 0
80 UGC 6545 GiP 11 33 43.425 +32 38 09.95   14.5       ~ 45 0
81 IC 708 rG 11 33 59.229 +49 03 43.42   14.2       ~ 126 0
82 Mrk 1301 GiG 11 35 49.9779679603 +35 20 06.852569158   14.5       ~ 65 0
83 UGC 6575 GiP 11 36 26.47296 +58 11 28.9572   14.3       ~ 79 1
84 UGC 6616 G 11 39 21.3441040599 +58 16 06.979922869   14.2       ~ 51 0
85 UGC 6625 AGN 11 39 47.5392451381 +19 56 00.314409836   14.2       ~ 38 0
86 NGC 3795 GiG 11 40 06.841 +58 36 47.37   14.1       ~ 76 0
87 Mrk 1507 bCG 11 40 24.862 +28 22 25.37   15.21       ~ 48 0
88 Mrk 747 GiC 11 41 50.621 +15 58 25.43   14.5       ~ 48 0
89 UGC 6706 LSB 11 44 14.8175666887 +55 02 05.800748759   14.2       ~ 74 0
90 NGC 3850 GiC 11 45 35.6792908103 +55 53 12.850289447   14.4       ~ 64 0
91 UGC 6805 G 11 50 12.187 +42 04 29.82   14.20       ~ 55 0
92 NGC 3913 G 11 50 38.93328 +55 21 13.9392   14.2       ~ 142 0
93 IC 746 EmG 11 55 35.120 +25 53 22.10   14.5       ~ 42 0
94 UGC 6903 EmG 11 55 36.866 +01 14 14.43   13.623 13.011 12.508 11.890 ~ 98 0
95 NGC 3978 LIN 11 56 10.319 +60 31 21.09   13.2       ~ 62 0
96 UGC 6930 EmG 11 57 17.395 +49 16 59.71   14.2       ~ 108 0
97 UGC 6931 G 11 57 25.435 +57 55 48.06   14.5       ~ 49 0
98 NGC 4034 G 12 01 29.6723049834 +69 19 26.403194865   14.5       ~ 45 0
99 UGC 7009 GiP 12 01 44.304 +62 19 41.02   14.5       ~ 47 0
100 Mrk 195 GiG 12 02 37.082 +64 22 35.30   14.3       ~ 53 1
101 NGC 4117 GiP 12 07 46.1189912728 +43 07 34.849492207   14.04       ~ 152 1
102 NGC 4120 G 12 08 31.003 +69 32 41.47   14.1       ~ 47 0
103 UGC 7129 EmG 12 08 55.0514723243 +41 44 27.202883674   14.3       ~ 64 0
104 NGC 4141 G 12 09 47.3107821922 +58 50 57.257545306   14.5       ~ 61 0
105 NGC 4159 G 12 10 53.635 +76 07 32.99   14.3       ~ 45 0
106 NGC 4204 GiC 12 15 14.359 +20 39 32.68   14.3       ~ 121 0
107 NGC 4238 G 12 16 55.8121173698 +63 24 35.573082754   14.2       ~ 48 0
108 NGC 4248 GiG 12 17 49.8423181061 +47 24 33.050668365   13.12 12.53     ~ 102 1
109 UGC 7358 G 12 19 12.222 +49 21 16.74   14.3       ~ 44 0
110 NGC 4272 rG 12 19 47.633 +30 20 21.14   14.2       ~ 46 1
111 NGC 4288 GiG 12 20 38.119 +46 17 27.67   13.6       ~ 154 0
112 NGC 4308 GiG 12 21 56.8528013961 +30 04 27.591002724   14.3       ~ 79 0
113 UGC 7428 GiG 12 22 02.612 +32 05 45.42   14.3       ~ 38 0
114 NAME Vir I ClG 12 26 32.1 +12 43 24   10.00 8.49     ~ 6036 0
115 UGC 7608 EmG 12 28 44.078 +43 13 25.79   16.0       ~ 81 0
116 UGC 7678 LSB 12 32 00.403 +39 49 54.21   13.9       ~ 44 0
117 UGC 7690 LSB 12 32 26.893 +42 42 14.84   13.7       ~ 98 0
118 UGC 7699 LSB 12 32 48.003 +37 37 18.49   13.40       ~ 106 0
119 NGC 4509 GiG 12 33 06.500 +32 05 27.35   14.1       ~ 77 1
120 UGC 7761 G 12 35 12.99 +72 13 55.7   14.30       ~ 32 0
121 UGC 7950 bCG 12 46 56.426 +51 36 46.80   14.1       ~ 98 0
122 NGC 4758 GiG 12 52 44.255 +15 50 52.82   14.1       ~ 119 0
123 NGC 4795 GiP 12 55 02.8557962737 +08 03 55.923722911   13.5       ~ 92 0
124 NGC 4807 GiP 12 55 29.077 +27 31 16.91   14.50 13.50     ~ 97 1
125 UGC 8073 LIN 12 57 33.8855356160 +28 28 56.222226015   13.5       ~ 85 0
126 ACO 1656 ClG 12 59 48.7 +27 58 50           ~ 4351 2
127 NGC 4926 LIN 13 01 53.731 +27 37 28.01   14.1       ~ 153 0
128 NGC 4961 GiP 13 05 47.5766135361 +27 44 03.246072606   13.5       ~ 152 0
129 UGC 8231 LSB 13 08 37.262 +54 04 28.02   14.2       ~ 46 0
130 IC 4213 GiG 13 12 11.217 +35 40 10.73   14.1       ~ 78 0
131 UGC 8400 G 13 21 36.070 +42 16 57.35   14.5       ~ 32 0
132 NGC 5117 GiC 13 22 56.462 +28 18 59.51   14.5       ~ 65 0
133 NGC 5173 GiP 13 28 25.2817718603 +46 35 29.896777764   13.10       ~ 133 1
134 UGC 8498 LIN 13 30 25.997 +31 37 14.43   14.2       ~ 54 0
135 NGC 5208 LIN 13 32 27.909 +07 18 59.91   14.4       ~ 48 0
136 NGC 5230 GiG 13 35 31.890 +13 40 34.44   13.4       ~ 73 0
137 UGC 8630 GiC 13 38 24.871 +33 07 03.75   14.3       ~ 52 0
138 NGC 5267 LIN 13 40 39.9765641213 +38 47 38.641080723   14.3       ~ 45 0
139 UGC 8693 G 13 44 28.414 +35 11 32.28   14.5       ~ 48 0
140 NGC 5338 G 13 53 26.5501298404 +05 12 27.952720100   14.3       ~ 99 0
141 NGC 5356 GiP 13 54 58.422 +05 20 00.98   14.1       ~ 92 0
142 UGC 8876 GiG 13 56 58.0617509191 +45 58 23.646956737   14.3       ~ 51 0
143 NGC 5425 GiG 14 00 47.673 +48 26 37.82   14.3       ~ 67 0
144 NGC 5407 GiG 14 00 50.0948652566 +39 09 22.307506289   14.5       ~ 29 0
145 UGC 8984 GiG 14 03 47.1582530895 +35 44 30.002979660   14.2       ~ 32 0
146 NGC 5470 GiG 14 06 31.999 +06 01 45.86   14.5       ~ 64 0
147 NGC 5491 G 14 10 57.3530634668 +06 21 53.496132460   13.9       ~ 49 0
148 NGC 5541 rG 14 16 31.8027774401 +39 35 20.645884819   13.4       ~ 55 0
149 NGC 5532 LIN 14 16 52.928 +10 48 26.43   13.3 12.59     ~ 327 3
150 NGC 5596 Sy2 14 22 28.737 +37 07 19.92   14.5       ~ 61 0
151 NGC 5608 G 14 23 18.734 +41 46 36.60   13.96   13.23   ~ 69 0
152 UGC 9356 G 14 32 53.525 +11 35 41.47   14.3       ~ 60 0
153 NGC 5684 LIN 14 35 50.153 +36 32 35.60   14.2       ~ 58 1
154 NGC 5762 Sy2 14 48 42.5682582116 +12 27 25.949751615   14.3       ~ 69 0
155 Mrk 829 GiP 14 50 56.495 +35 34 18.27   14.5 14.83     ~ 195 0
156 UGC 9562 GiP 14 51 14.3970867139 +35 32 32.933386615   14.2       ~ 149 0
157 IC 1066 GiP 14 53 02.8555986515 +03 17 45.653765168   14.2       ~ 66 0
158 UGC 9660 G 15 01 09.481 +44 41 53.51   14.30       ~ 46 0
159 NGC 5881 G 15 06 20.815 +62 58 51.53   14.1       ~ 21 0
160 NGC 5874 GiG 15 07 51.820 +54 45 10.08   14.1       ~ 83 0
161 UGC 9741 G 15 08 33.4989841073 +52 17 46.230043865   14.1       ~ 44 0
162 NGC 5888 LIN 15 13 07.374 +41 15 52.67   14.3       ~ 66 0
163 IC 1124 GiG 15 30 00.604 +23 38 17.52   14.5       ~ 36 0
164 UGC 9896 GiG 15 31 45.168 +67 33 22.89   14.4       ~ 38 0
165 NGC 5993 Q? 15 44 27.4032830491 +41 07 18.526125346   13.9       ~ 47 0
166 IC 1141 LIN 15 49 46.952 +12 23 57.66   14.5       ~ 47 0
167 IC 1144 G 15 51 21.6937444139 +43 25 03.614287521   14.4       ~ 37 0
168 NGC 6007 LIN 15 53 23.1694857852 +11 57 33.048001819   14.1       ~ 55 0
169 Mrk 1496 G 15 54 41.2347129121 +16 37 02.318845337   14.5       ~ 41 0
170 UGC 10097 BiC 15 55 43.308 +47 52 02.44   14.1       ~ 58 0
171 NGC 6020 GiG 15 57 08.119 +22 24 16.37   14.5       ~ 63 0
172 NGC 6123 G 16 17 19.7407964594 +61 56 20.985134535   14.40       ~ 36 0
173 NGC 6131 GiC 16 21 52.2339152646 +38 55 56.859718936   14.2       ~ 42 0
174 NGC 6185 GiC 16 33 17.8332909793 +35 20 32.439097727   14.5       ~ 35 1
175 NGC 7077 G 21 29 59.634 +02 24 51.75 14.05 14.25 13.67 13.23 12.86 ~ 97 0
176 NGC 7194 GiG 22 03 30.937 +12 38 12.41   14.5       ~ 47 0
177 UGC 12074 G 22 33 06.3167306811 +08 05 50.953131236   14.2       ~ 41 0
178 NGC 7328 G 22 37 29.297 +10 31 53.70   13.99 13.10 12.55 11.46 ~ 79 0
179 NGC 7360 G 22 43 33.9697141559 +04 09 04.414215180   14.5       ~ 34 0
180 UGC 12178 G 22 45 08.490 +06 25 46.51   14.20       ~ 67 0
181 UGC 12265 N GiP 22 57 35.976 +19 47 25.66   14.5       ~ 40 0
182 NGC 7436 GiG 22 57 57.547 +26 08 59.97   15.5       ~ 79 1
183 NGC 7460 G 23 01 42.920 +02 15 48.92   14.2       ~ 49 0
184 NGC 7537 GiP 23 14 34.515 +04 29 54.43   13.8       ~ 200 0
185 NGC 7548 GiG 23 15 11.1213097407 +25 16 55.020638021   14.5       ~ 35 0
186 UGC 12519 GiG 23 20 02.747 +15 57 09.74   14.3       ~ 62 0
187 NGC 7620 AGN 23 20 05.6850964679 +24 13 16.128003582   13.5       ~ 82 0
188 NGC 7681 GiP 23 28 54.895 +17 18 35.12   14.2       ~ 39 0
189 IC 1504 GiG 23 41 19.4674501427 +04 01 03.167957249   14.5       ~ 48 0
190 NGC 7752 GiP 23 46 58.557 +29 27 32.17   14.3       ~ 122 0
191 UGC 12835 GiG 23 53 56.748 +28 29 33.70   14.4       ~ 25 0
192 UGC 12856 IG 23 56 44.64 +16 48 30.9           ~ 44 0

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2021.05.18-03:20:43

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