Ks-band luminosity evolution of the asymptotic giant branch population based on star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud.
KO Y., LEE M.G. and LIM S.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a study of Ks-band luminosity evolution of the asymptotic giant branch (AGB) population in simple stellar systems using star clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). We determine physical parameters of LMC star clusters including center coordinates, radii, and foreground reddenings. Ages of 83 star clusters are derived from isochrone fitting with the Padova models, and those of 19 star clusters are taken from the literature. The AGB stars in 102 star clusters with log(age) = 7.3-9.5 are selected using near-infrared color-magnitude diagrams based on Two Micron All Sky Survey photometry. Then we obtain the Ks-band luminosity fraction of AGB stars in these star clusters as a function of ages. The Ks-band luminosity fraction of AGB stars increases, on average, as age increases from log(age) ∼ 8.0, reaching a maximum at log(age) ∼ 8.5, and it decreases thereafter. There is a large scatter in the AGB luminosity fraction for given ages, which is mainly due to stochastic effects. We discuss this result in comparison with five simple stellar population models. The maximum Ks-band AGB luminosity fraction for bright clusters is reproduced by the models that expect the value of 0.7-0.8 at log(age) = 8.5-8.7. We discuss the implication of our results with regard to the study of size and mass evolution of galaxies.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: star clusters: general - infrared: stars - Magellanic Clouds - stars: AGB and post-AGB
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/777/82): table1.dat table2.dat>