SIMBAD references

2013MNRAS.430.1247L - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 430, 1247-1256 (2013/April-1)

Probing the blow-off criteria of hydrogen-rich 'super-Earths'.


Abstract (from CDS):

The discovery of transiting `super-Earths' with inflated radii and known masses, such as Kepler-11b-f, GJ 1214b and 55 Cnc e, indicates that these exoplanets did not lose their nebula-captured hydrogen-rich, degassed or impact-delivered protoatmospheres by atmospheric escape processes. Because hydrodynamic blow-off of atmospheric hydrogen atoms is the most efficient atmospheric escape process we apply a time-dependent numerical algorithm which is able to solve the system of 1D fluid equations for mass, momentum and energy conservation to investigate the criteria under which `super-Earths' with hydrogen-dominated upper atmospheres can experience hydrodynamic expansion by heating of the stellar soft X-rays and extreme ultraviolet (XUV) radiation and thermal escape via blow-off. Depending on orbit location, XUV flux, heating efficiency and the planet's mean density our results indicate that the upper atmospheres of all `super-Earths' can expand to large distances, so that except for Kepler-11c all of them experience atmospheric mass-loss due to Roche lobe overflow. The atmospheric mass loss of the studied `super-Earths' is one to two orders of magnitude lower compared to that of `hot Jupiters' such as HD 209458b, so that one can expect that these exoplanets cannot lose their hydrogen envelopes during their remaining lifetimes.

Abstract Copyright: © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)

Journal keyword(s): hydrodynamics - planets and satellites: atmospheres - planets and satellites: physical evolution - planet-star interactions - ultraviolet: planetary systems - ultraviolet: stars

CDS comments: HD 208459b (p.1249) is a probable misprint for HD 209458b.

Simbad objects: 19

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