SIMBAD references

2013MNRAS.431.2690M - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 431, 2690-2702 (2013/May-3)

Young rotation-powered pulsars as ultraluminous X-ray sources.


Abstract (from CDS):

The aim of this paper is to investigate a possible contribution of the rotation-powered pulsars and pulsar wind nebulae to the population of ultraluminous X-ray sources (ULXs). We first develop an analytical model for the evolution of the distribution function of pulsars over the spin period and find both the steady-state and the time-dependent solutions. Using the recent results on the X-ray efficiency dependence on pulsar characteristic age, we then compute the X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of rotation-powered pulsars. In a general case, it has a broken power-law shape with a high-luminosity cutoff, which depends on the distributions of the birth spin period and the magnetic field.

Using the observed XLF of sources in the nearby galaxies and the condition that the pulsar XLF does not exceed that, we find the allowed region for the parameters describing the birth period distribution. We find that the mean pulsar period should be greater than 10-40 ms. These results are consistent with the constraints obtained from the X-ray luminosity of core-collapse supernovae. We estimate that the contribution of the rotation-powered pulsars to the ULX population is at a level exceeding 3 percent. For a wide birth period distribution, this fraction grows with luminosity and above 1040ergs-1 pulsars can dominate the ULX population.

Abstract Copyright: © 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)

Journal keyword(s): methods: statistical - stars: luminosity function, mass function - stars: neutron - pulsars: general - X-rays: galaxies

CDS comments: Table 3: SN 2002 fjn is a misprint for SN 2002 fj.

Simbad objects: 79

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