Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 434, 806-831 (2013/September-1)
Pre-main-sequence isochrones - II. Revising star and planet formation time-scales.
BELL C.P.M., NAYLOR T., MAYNE N.J., JEFFRIES R.D. and LITTLEFAIR S.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have derived ages for 13 young (<30Myr) star-forming regions and find that they are up to a factor of 2 older than the ages typically adopted in the literature. This result has wide-ranging implications, including that circumstellar discs survive longer (≃ 10-12 Myr) and that the average Class I lifetime is greater ( ≃ 1Myr) than currently believed. For each star-forming region, we derived two ages from colour-magnitude diagrams. First, we fitted models of the evolution between the zero-age main sequence and terminal-age main sequence to derive a homogeneous set of main-sequence ages, distances and reddenings with statistically meaningful uncertainties. Our second age for each star-forming region was derived by fitting pre-main-sequence stars to new semi-empirical model isochrones. For the first time (for a set of clusters younger than 50Myr), we find broad agreement between these two ages, and since these are derived from two distinct mass regimes that rely on different aspects of stellar physics, it gives us confidence in the new age scale. This agreement is largely due to our adoption of empirical colour-Teff relations and bolometric corrections for pre-main-sequence stars cooler than 4000K. The revised ages for the star-forming regions in our sample are: ∼ 2Myr for NGC 6611 (Eagle Nebula; M 16), IC 5146 (Cocoon Nebula), NGC 6530 (Lagoon Nebula; M 8) and NGC 2244 (Rosette Nebula); ∼ 6Myr for σ Ori, Cep OB3b and IC 348; ≃ 10Myr for λ Ori (Collinder 69); ≃ 11Myr for NGC 2169; ≃ 12Myr for NGC 2362; ≃ 13Myr for NGC 7160; ≃ 14Myr for χPer (NGC 884); and ≃ 20Myr for NGC 1960 (M 36).
© 2013 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2013)
techniques: photometric - stars: evolution - stars: formation - stars: fundamental parameters - Hertzsprung-Russell and colour-magnitude diagrams - stars: pre-main-sequence
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/434/806): table1.dat table2.dat refs.dat table9.dat-table34.dat >
Tables 9-34: [BNM2013] FF.ff NNNNN N=666772.
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