Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 566A, 4-4 (2014/6-1)
Three new X-ray emitting O-type subdwarf stars discovered with Chandra.
LA PALOMBARA N., ESPOSITO P., MEREGHETTI S. and TIENGO A.
Abstract (from CDS):
X-ray observations of sdO stars are a useful tool to investigate their properties, but so far only two sdO stars were detected at X-rays. We aimed to perform the first systematic search for X-ray emission from sdO stars to characterize the X-ray emission from single and binary sdO stars.We observed a complete flux-limited sample of 19 sdO stars with the Chandra HRC-I camera to measure the count rate of the detected sources or to set a tight upper limit on it for the undetected sources. We obtained a robust detection of BD+37°1977 and Feige 34 and a marginal detection of BD+28° 4211. The estimated luminosity of BD+37°1977 is above 1031 erg/s, which is high enough to suggest the possible presence of an accreting compact companion. This possibility is unlikely for all the other targets (both detected and undetected), since in their case LX≲1030erg/s. On the other hand, for all 19 targets the estimated value of LX (or its upper limit) implies an X-ray/bolometric flux ratio that agrees with log(LX/Lbol)=-6.7±0.5, which is the range of values typical of main-sequence and giant O stars. The observing campaign performed by Chandra has discovered three new X-ray emitting sdO stars; for one of them the observed X-ray flux might be emitted by an accreting compact companion, while for the other two stars it is most probably due to intrinsic emission. The same is possibile for the 16 undetected stars.