The gas-rich circumbinary disk of HR 4049. I. A detailed study of the mid-infrared spectrum.
MALEK S.E. and CAMI J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a detailed analysis of the mid-infrared spectrum of the peculiar evolved object HR 4049. The full Spitzer-IRS high-resolution spectrum shows a wealth of emission with prominent features from CO2 and H2O and possible contributions from HCN and OH. We model the molecular emission and find that it originates from a massive (M ≳ 8x10–3 M☉), warm (Tex~ 500 K) and radially extended gas disk that is optically thick at infrared wavelengths. We also report less enrichment in 17O and 18O than previously found and a comparison of the Spitzer observations to earlier data obtained by the Short Wavelength Spectrometer on board the Infrared Space Observatory reveals that the CO2flux has more than doubled in 10 yr time, indicating active and ongoing chemical evolution in the circumbinary disk. If the gas originates from interaction between the stellar wind and the dust, this suggests that the dust could be oxygen-rich in nature. The molecular gas plays a crucial role in the thermal properties of the circumbinary disk by allowing visible light to heat the dust and then trapping the infrared photons emitted by the dust. This results in higher temperatures and a more homogeneous temperature structure in the disk.