Astrophys. J., 780, 163 (2014/January-2)
A merger shock in A2034.
OWERS M.S., NULSEN P.E.J., COUCH W.J., MA C.-J., DAVID L.P., FORMAN W.R., HOPKINS A.M., JONES C. and VAN WEEREN R.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a 250 ks Chandra observation of the cluster merger A2034 with the aim of understanding the nature of a sharp edge previously characterized as a cold front. The new data reveal that the edge is coherent over a larger opening angle and is significantly more bow-shock-shaped than previously thought. Within ∼27° about the axis of symmetry of the edge, the density, temperature, and pressure drop abruptly by factors of 1.83–0.08+0.09, 1.85–0.41+0.41, and 3.4–0.7+0.8, respectively. This is inconsistent with the pressure equilibrium expected of a cold front and we conclude that the edge is a shock front. We measure a Mach number M = 1.59–0.07+0.06 and corresponding shock velocity vshock≃ 2057 km/s. Using spectra collected at the MMT with the Hectospec multi-object spectrograph, we identify 328 spectroscopically confirmed cluster members. Significantly, we find a local peak in the projected galaxy density associated with a bright cluster galaxy that is located just ahead of the nose of the shock. The data are consistent with a merger viewed within ∼23° of the plane of the sky. The merging subclusters are now moving apart along a north-south axis approximately 0.3 Gyr after a small impact parameter core passage. The gas core of the secondary subcluster, which was driving the shock, appears to have been disrupted by the merger. Without a driving "piston," we speculate that the shock is dying. Finally, we propose that the diffuse radio emission near the shock is due to the revival of pre-existing radio plasma that has been overrun by the shock.
galaxies: clusters: individual: A2034 - X-rays: galaxies: clusters
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