Astrophys. J., 789, 126 (2014/July-2)
New insights on the formation and assembly of M83 from deep near-infrared imaging.
BARNES K.L., VAN ZEE L., DALE D.A., STAUDAHER S., BULLOCK J.S., CALZETTI D., CHANDAR R. and DALCANTON J.J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results from new near-infrared (NIR) imaging from the Spitzer Space Telescope that trace the low surface brightness features of the outer disk and stellar stream in the nearby spiral galaxy, M83. Previous observations have shown that M83 hosts a faint stellar stream to the northwest and a star-forming disk that extends to ∼3 times the optical radius (R25). By combining the NIR imaging with archival far-ultraviolet (FUV) and H I imaging, we study the star formation history of the system. The NIR surface brightness profile has a break at ∼5.'8 (equivalent to 8.1 kpc and 0.9 R25) with a shallower slope beyond this radius, which may result from the recent accretion of gas onto the outer disk and subsequent star formation. Additionally, the ratio of FUV to NIR flux increases with increasing radius in several arms throughout the extended star forming disk, indicating an increase in the ratio of the present to past star formation rate with increasing radius. This sort of inside-out disk formation is consistent with observations of gas infall onto the outer disk of M83. Finally, the flux, size, and shape of the stellar stream are measured and the origin of the stream is explored. The stream has a total NIR flux of 11.6 mJy, which implies a stellar mass of 1x108 M☉ in an area subtending ∼80°. No FUV emission is detected in the stream at a level greater than the noise, confirming an intermediate-age or old stellar population in the stream.
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - galaxies: individual: M83
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