Astrophys. J., 794, 50 (2014/October-2)
Diverse properties of interstellar medium embedding gamma-ray bursts at the epoch of reionization.
CEN R. and KIMM T.
Abstract (from CDS):
Analysis is performed on ultra-high-resolution large-scale cosmological radiation-hydrodynamic simulations to quantify, for the first time, the physical environment of long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) at the epoch of reionization. We find that, on parsec scales, 13% of GRBs remain in high-density ( ≥ 104/cm3) low-temperature star-forming regions, whereas 87% of GRBs occur in low-density (∼10–2.5/cm3) high-temperature regions heated by supernovae. More importantly, the spectral properties of GRB afterglows, such as the neutral hydrogen column density, total hydrogen column density, dust column density, gas temperature, and metallicity of intervening absorbers, vary strongly from sight line to sight line. Although our model explains extant limited observationally inferred values with respect to circumburst density, metallicity, column density, and dust properties, a substantially larger sample of high-z GRB afterglows would be required to facilitate a statistically solid test of the model. Our findings indicate that any attempt to infer the physical properties (such as metallicity) of the interstellar medium (ISM) of the host galaxy based on a very small number (usually one) of sight lines would be precarious. Utilizing high-z GRBs to probe the ISM and intergalactic medium should be undertaken properly, taking into consideration the physical diversities of the ISM.
dark ages, reionization, first stars - early universe - galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: ISM - gamma-ray burst: general - intergalactic medium
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