Astrophys. J., 797, 58 (2014/December-2)
Colliding filaments and a massive dense core in the Cygnus OB 7 molecular cloud.
DOBASHI K., MATSUMOTO T., SHIMOIKURA T., SAITO H., AKISATO K., OHASHI K. and NAKAGOMI K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the results of molecular line observations carried out toward a massive dense core in the Cyg OB 7 molecular cloud. The core has an extraordinarily large mass (∼1.1x104 M☉) and size (∼2x5 pc2), but there is no massive young star forming therein. We observed this core in various molecular lines such as C18O(J = 1-0) using the 45 m telescope at Nobeyama Radio Observatory. We find that the core has an elongated morphology consisting of several filaments and core-like structures. The filaments are massive (102-103 M☉), and they are apparently colliding with one another. Some candidates for young stellar objects are distributed around their intersection, suggesting that the collisions of the filaments may have influenced their formation. To understand the formation and evolution of such colliding filaments, we performed numerical simulations using the adaptive mesh refinement technique, adopting the observed core parameters (the mass and size) as the initial conditions. The results indicate that the filaments are formed as seen in other earlier simulations for small cores in the literature, but we could not reproduce the collisions of the filaments simply by assuming a large initial mass and size. We find that collisions of the filaments occur only when there is a large velocity gradient in the initial core, in a sense compressing it. We suggest that the observed core was actually compressed by an external effect, e.g., shocks from nearby supernova remnants, including HB 21 which has been suggested to be interacting with the Cyg OB 7 molecular cloud.
ISM: clouds - ISM: individual: Cyg OB 7 cloud - ISM: molecules - stars: formation
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