Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 438, 2578-2596 (2014/March-1)
ELVIS: Exploring the Local Volume in Simulations.
GARRISON-KIMMEL S., BOYLAN-KOLCHIN M., BULLOCK J.S. and LEE K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We introduce a set of high-resolution dissipationless simulations that model the Local Group (LG) in a cosmological context: Exploring the Local Volume in Simulations (ELVIS). The suite contains 48 Galaxy-size haloes, each within high-resolution volumes that span 2-5Mpc in size, and each resolving thousands of systems with masses below the atomic cooling limit. Half of the ELVIS galaxy haloes are in paired configurations similar to the Milky Way (MW) and M31; the other half are isolated, mass-matched analogues. We find no difference in the abundance or kinematics of substructure within the virial radii of isolated versus paired hosts. On Mpc scales, however, LG-like pairs average almost twice as many companions and the velocity field is kinematically hotter and more complex. We present a refined abundance matching relation between stellar mass and halo mass that reproduces the observed satellite stellar mass functions of the MW and M31 down to the regime where incompleteness is an issue, M* ∼ 5x105M☉. Within a larger region spanning approximately 3Mpc, the same relation predicts that there should be ∼ 1000 galaxies with M* > 103M☉ awaiting discovery. We show that up to 50 percent of haloes within 1Mpc of the MW or M31 could be systems that have previously been within the virial radius of either giant. By associating never accreted haloes with gas-rich dwarfs, we show that there are plausibly 50 undiscovered dwarf galaxies with Hi masses >105M☉ within the local volume. The radial velocity distribution of these predicted gas-rich dwarfs can be used to inform follow-up searches based on ultracompact high-velocity clouds found in the ALFALFA survey.