Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 443, 2154-2182 (2014/September-3)
Ultrafast outflows in radio-loud active galactic nuclei.
TOMBESI F., TAZAKI F., MUSHOTZKY R.F., UEDA Y., CAPPI M., GOFFORD J., REEVES J.N. and GUAINAZZI M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Recent X-ray observations show absorbing winds with velocities up to mildly relativistic values of the order of ∼ 0.1c in a limited sample of six broad-line radio galaxies. They are observed as blueshifted Fe xxv-xxvi K-shell absorption lines, similarly to the ultrafast outflows (UFOs) reported in Seyferts and quasars. In this work we extend the search for such Fe K absorption lines to a larger sample of 26 radio-loud active galactic nuclei (AGN) observed with XMM-Newton and Suzaku. The sample is drawn from the Swift Burst Alert Telescope 58-month catalogue and blazars are excluded. X-ray bright Fanaroff-Riley Class II radio galaxies constitute the majority of the sources. Combining the results of this analysis with those in the literature we find that UFOs are detected in >27 percent of the sources. However, correcting for the number of spectra with insufficient signal-to-noise ratio, we can estimate that the incidence of UFOs is this sample of radio-loud AGN is likely in the range f ≃ (50±20) percent. A photoionization modelling of the absorption lines with xstar allows us to estimate the distribution of their main parameters. The observed outflow velocities are broadly distributed between vout ≲ 1000 km/s and vout ≃ 0.4c, with mean and median values of vout ≃ 0.133c and vout ≃ 0.117c, respectively. The material is highly ionized, with an average ionization parameter of logξ ≃ 4.5 erg/s cm, and the column densities are larger than NH > 1022/cm2. Overall, these characteristics are consistent with the presence of complex accretion disc winds in a significant fraction of radio-loud AGN and demonstrate that the presence of relativistic jets does not preclude the existence of winds, in accordance with several theoretical models.
© 2014 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2014)
accretion, accretion discs - black hole physics - line: identification - plasmas - galaxies: active - X-rays: galaxies
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