Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 579A, 11-11 (2015/7-1)
New candidates for extremely metal-poor emission-line galaxies in the SDSS/BOSS DR10.
GUSEVA N.G., IZOTOV Y.I., FRICKE K.J. and HENKEL C.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a spectroscopic study of eight extremely low-metallicity candidate emission-line galaxies with oxygen abundances possibly below 12+logO/H=7.35. These galaxies were selected from data release 10 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey/Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (SDSS/BOSS DR10). We will call these extremely metal-deficient (XMD) galaxies. The electron temperature-sensitive emission line [OIII]λ4363 is detected in three galaxies and marginally detected in two galaxies, allowing for abundance determination by a ``direct'' method. Because of large uncertainties in the [OIII]λ4363Å line fluxes, we also calculated oxygen abundance in these galaxies together with the remaining three galaxies using a strong-line semi-empirical method. This method gives oxygen abundances higher than 7.35 for three galaxies with detected [OIII]λ4363Å line and lower than 7.35 for the remaining five objects of the sample. The newly-discovered galaxies represent excellent targets for follow-up spectroscopic observations with the largest telescopes to improve the oxygen abundance determination and to increase the number of these very rare low-metallicity objects. The extreme location of the most massive and luminous XMD galaxies and XMD candidates in the stellar mass-metallicity diagram implies that these galaxies may be genuine young objects. With stellar masses of up to ∼107-108M☉, the galaxies are not chemically enriched and strongly deviate to lower metallicity as compared to the relation obtained for a large sample of low-redshift, star-forming galaxies.