Astron. J., 150, 63 (2015/August-0)
A spectroscopic analysis of the galactic globular cluster NGC 6273 (M19).
JOHNSON C.I., RICH R.M., PILACHOWSKI C.A., CALDWELL N., MATEO M., BAILEY III J.I. and CRANE J.D.
Abstract (from CDS):
A combined effort utilizing spectroscopy and photometry has revealed the existence of a new globular cluster class. These ''anomalous'' clusters, which we refer to as ''iron-complex'' clusters, are differentiated from normal clusters by exhibiting large (≳0.10 dex) intrinsic metallicity dispersions, complex sub-giant branches, and correlated [Fe/H] and s-process enhancements. In order to further investigate this phenomenon, we have measured radial velocities and chemical abundances for red giant branch stars in the massive, but scarcely studied, globular cluster NGC 6273. The velocities and abundances were determined using high resolution (R ∼ 27,000) spectra obtained with the Michigan/Magellan Fiber System (M2FS) and MSpec spectrograph on the Magellan-Clay 6.5 m telescope at Las Campanas Observatory. We find that NGC 6273 has an average heliocentric radial velocity of +144.49 km/s (σ = 9.64 km/s) and an extended metallicity distribution ([Fe/H] = -1.80 to -1.30) composed of at least two distinct stellar populations. Although the two dominant populations have similar [Na/Fe], [Al/Fe], and [α/Fe] abundance patterns, the more metal-rich stars exhibit significant [La/Fe] enhancements. The [La/Eu] data indicate that the increase in [La/Fe] is due to almost pure s-process enrichment. A third more metal-rich population with low [X/Fe] ratios may also be present. Therefore, NGC 6273 joins clusters such as ω Centauri, M2, M22, and NGC 5286 as a new class of iron-complex clusters exhibiting complicated star formation histories.
globular clusters: general - globular clusters: individual: (NGC 6273, M19) - stars: abundances
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