XMM-Newton and Suzaku X-ray shadowing measurements of the solar wind charge exchange, Local Bubble, and galactic halo emission.
HENLEY D.B. and SHELTON R.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present results from a sample of XMM-Newton and Suzaku observations of interstellar clouds that cast shadows in the soft X-ray background (SXRB)–the first uniform analysis of such a sample from these missions. By fitting to the on- and off-shadow spectra, we separated the foreground and Galactic halo components of the SXRB. We tested different foreground models–two solar wind charge exchange (SWCX) models and a Local Bubble (LB) model. We also examined different abundance tables. We found that Anders & Grevesse abundances, commonly used in previous SXRB studies, may result in overestimated foreground brightnesses and halo temperatures. We also found that assuming a single solar wind ionization temperature for a SWCX model can lead to unreliable results. We compared our measurements of the foreground emission with predictions of the SWCX emission from a smooth solar wind, finding only partial agreement. Using available observation-specific SWCX predictions and various plausible assumptions, we placed an upper limit on the LB's O vii intensity of ∼0.8 (90% confidence). Comparing the halo results obtained with SWCX and LB foreground models implies that, if the foreground is dominated by SWCX and is brighter than ~ (0.4-1.0), then using an LB foreground model may bias the halo temperature upward and the 0.5-2.0 surface brightness downward by ~ and ~, respectively. Similarly, comparing results from different observatories implies that there may be uncertainties in the halo temperature and surface brightness of up to ~ and ∼25%, respectively, in addition to the statistical uncertainties. These uncertainties or biases may limit the ability of X-ray measurements to discriminate between Galactic halo models.
Galaxy: halo - ISM: general - ISM: individual: Local Bubble - solar wind - X-rays: diffuse background - X-rays: ISM