Astrophys. J., 808, L10 (2015/July-3)
A comparative study of two 47 Tuc giant stars with different s-process enrichment.
CORDERO M.J., HANSEN C.J., JOHNSON C.I. and PILACHOWSKI C.A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Here we aim to understand the origin of 47 Tuc's La-rich star Lee 4710. We report abundances for O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, Ca, Sc, Ti, V, Cr, Co, Ni, Zn, Y, Zr, Ba, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, and Eu and present a detailed abundance analysis of two 47 Tuc stars with similar stellar parameters but different slow neutron-capture (s-)process enrichment. Star Lee 4710 has the highest known La abundance ratio in this cluster ([La/Fe] = 1.14), and star Lee 4626 is known to have normal s-process abundances (e.g., [Ba/Eu] < 0). The nucleosynthetic pattern of elements with Z ≳ 56 for star Lee 4710 agrees with the predicted yields of a asymptotic giant branch (AGB) star. Therefore, Lee 4710 may have been enriched by mass transfer from a more massive AGB companion, which is compatible with its location far away from the center of this relatively metal-rich ([Fe/H] ∼ -0.7) globular cluster. A further analysis comparing the abundance pattern of Lee 4710 with data available in the literature reveals that nine out of the ∼200 47 Tuc stars previously studied show strong s-process enhancements that point toward later enrichment by more massive AGB stars.
globular clusters: individual: 47 Tuc - stars: abundances - stars: chemically peculiar
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