Astrophys. J., 813, L19 (2015/November-1)
A keplerian-like disk around the forming O-type star AFGL 4176.
JOHNSTON K.G., ROBITAILLE T.P., BEUTHER H., LINZ H., BOLEY P., KUIPER R., KETO E., HOARE M.G. and VAN BOEKEL R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array line and continuum observations at 1.2 mm with ∼0".3 resolution that uncover a Keplerian-like disk around the forming O-type star AFGL 4176. The continuum emission from the disk at 1.21 mm (source mm1) has a deconvolved size of 870±110 AUx330±300 AU and arises from a structure ∼8 M☉ in mass, calculated assuming a dust temperature of 190 K. The first-moment maps, pixel-to-pixel line modeling, assuming local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE), and position-velocity diagrams of the CH3CN J = 13-12 K-line emission all show a velocity gradient along the major axis of the source, coupled with an increase in velocity at small radii, consistent with Keplerian-like rotation. The LTE line modeling shows that where CH3CN J = 13-12 is excited, the temperatures in the disk range from ∼70 to at least 300 K and that the H2column density peaks at 2.8x1024/cm2. In addition, we present Atacama Pathfinder Experiment 12CO observations that show a large-scale outflow from AFGL 4176 perpendicular to the major axis of mm1, supporting the disk interpretation. Finally, we present a radiative transfer model of a Keplerian disk surrounding an O7 star, with a disk mass and radius of 12 M☉ and 2000 AU that reproduces the line and continuum data, further supporting our conclusion that our observations have uncovered a Keplerian-like disk around an O-type star.
circumstellar matter - ISM: jets and outflows - radiative transfer - stars: formation - stars: massive - techniques: interferometric
Fig. 1: [JRB2015] AFGL 4176 mmN (Nos mm1-mm8).
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