Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 449, 3945-3965 (2015/June-1)
The magnetic field and spectral variability of the He-weak star HR 2949.
SHULTZ M., RIVINIUS Th., FOLSOM C.P., WADE G.A., TOWNSEND R.H.D., SIKORA J., GRUNHUT J., STAHL O. (The MiMeS Collaboration)
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyse a high-resolution spectropolarimetric data set collected for the He-weak B3p IV star HR 2949. The Zeeman effect is visible in the circularly polarized component of numerous spectral lines. The longitudinal magnetic field varies between approximately -650 and +150 G. The polar strength of the surface magnetic dipole is calculated to be 2.4^+0.3_-0.2 kG. The star has strong overabundances of Fe-peak elements, along with extremely strong overabundances of rare-earth elements; however, He, Al, and S are underabundant. This implies that HR 2949 is a chemically peculiar star. Variability is seen in all photospheric lines, likely due to abundance patches as seen in many Ap/Bp stars. Longitudinal magnetic field variations measured from different spectral lines yield different results, likely a consequence of uneven sampling of the photospheric magnetic field by the abundance patches. Analysis of photometric and spectroscopic data for both HR 2949 and its companion star, HR 2948, suggests a revision of HR 2949's fundamental parameters: in particular, it is somewhat larger, hotter, and more luminous than previously believed. There is no evidence of optical or ultraviolet emission originating in HR 2949's magnetosphere, despite its moderately strong magnetic field and relatively rapid rotation; however, when calculated using theoretical and empirical boundaries on the initial rotational velocity, the spin-down age is compatible with the stellar age. With the extensive phase coverage presented here, HR 2949 will make an excellent subject for Zeeman Doppler imaging.
© 2015 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society (2015)
stars: abundances - binaries: visual - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: early-type - stars: individual: HR 2949 - stars: magnetic field
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