Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 451, L40-L44 (2015/July-3)
ALMA imaging of SDP.81 - I. A pixelated reconstruction of the far-infrared continuum emission.
RYBAK M., McKEAN J.P., VEGETTI S., ANDREANI P. and WHITE S.D.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a sub-50 parsec scale analysis of the gravitational lens system SDP.81 at redshift 3.042 using Atacama Large Millimetre/submillimetre Array science verification data. We model both the mass distribution of the gravitational lensing galaxy and the pixelated surface brightness distribution of the background source using a novel Bayesian technique that fits the data directly in visibility space. We find the 1 and 1.3 mm dust emission to be magnified by a factor of µtot = 17.6±0.4, giving an intrinsic total star formation rate of 315±60 M☉/yr and a dust mass of 6.4±1.5x108 M☉. The reconstructed dust emission is found to be non-uniform, but composed of multiple regions that are heated by both diffuse and strongly clumped star formation. The highest surface brightness region is a ∼ 1.9x 0.7 kpc disc-like structure, whose small extent is consistent with a potential size-bias in gravitationally lensed starbursts. Although surrounded by extended star formation, with a density of 20-30±10 M☉/yr/kpc2, the disc contains three compact regions with densities that peak between 120 and 190±20 M☉/yr/kpc2. Such star formation rate densities are below what is expected for Eddington-limited star formation by a radiation pressure supported starburst. There is also a tentative variation in the spectral slope of the different star-forming regions, which is likely due to a change in the dust temperature and/or opacity across the source.