SIMBAD references

2016A&A...587A..30M - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 587A, 30-30 (2016/3-1)

Search for systemic mass loss in Algols with bow shocks.


Abstract (from CDS):

Various studies indicate that interacting binary stars of Algol type evolve non-conservatively. However, direct detections of systemic mass loss in Algols have been scarce so far. We study the systemic mass loss in Algols by looking for the presence of infrared excesses originating from the thermal emission of dust grains, which is linked to the presence of a stellar wind. In contrast to previous studies, we make use of the fact that stellar and interstellar material is piled up at the edge of the astrosphere where the stellar wind interacts with the interstellar medium. We analyse WISE W3 12µm and WISE W4 22µm data of Algol-type binary Be and B[e] stars and the properties of their bow shocks. From the stand-off distance of the bow shock we are able to determine the mass-loss rate of the binary system. Although the velocities of the stars with respect to the interstellar medium are quite low, we find bow shocks present in two systems, namely {pi} Aqr, and {phi} Per; a third system, CX Dra, shows a more irregular circumstellar environment morphology which might somehow be related to systemic mass loss. The properties of the two bow shocks point to mass-loss rates and wind velocities typical of single B stars, which do not support an enhanced systemic mass loss.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): binaries: close - circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - stars: winds, outflows

Simbad objects: 75

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