Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 596A, 117-117 (2016/12-1)
Identifying galaxy candidates in WSRT H I imaging of ultra-compact high velocity clouds.
ADAMS E.A.K., OOSTERLOO T.A., CANNON J.M., GIOVANELLI R. and HAYNES M.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
Ultra-compact high velocity clouds (UCHVCs) were identified in the Arecibo Legacy Fast ALFA (ALFALFA) HI survey as potential gas-bearing dark matter halos. Here we present higher resolution neutral hydrogen (HI) observations of twelve UCHVCS with the Westerbork Synthesis Radio Telescope (WSRT). The UCHVCs were selected based on a combination of size, isolation, large recessional velocity and high column density as the best candidate dark matter halos. The WSRT data were tapered to image the UCHVCs at 210'' (comparable to the Arecibo resolution) and 105'' angular resolution. In a comparison of the single-dish to interferometer data, we find that the integrated line flux recovered in the WSRT observations is generally comparable to that from the single-dish ALFALFA data. In addition, any structure seen in the ALFALFA data is reproduced in the WSRT maps at the same angular resolution. At 210'' resolution all the sources are generally compact with a smooth HI morphology, as expected from their identification as UCHVCs. At the higher angular resolution, a majority of the sources break into small clumps contained in a diffuse envelope. These UCHVCs also have no ordered velocity motion and are most likely Galactic halo clouds. We identify two UCHVCs, AGC 198606 and AGC 249525, as excellent galaxy candidates based on maintaining a smooth HI morphology at higher angular resolution and showing ordered velocity motion consistent with rotation. A third source, AGC 249565, lies between these two populations in properties and is a possible galaxy candidate. If interpreted as gas-bearing dark matter halos, the three candidate galaxies have rotation velocities of 8-15km/s, HI masses of 0.6-50x105M☉, HI radii of 0.3-2kpc, and dynamical masses of 2-20x107M☉ for a range of plausible distances. These are the UCHVCs with the highest column density values in the ALFALFA HI data and we suggest this is the best way to identify further candidates.
© ESO, 2016
galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: ISM - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - Local Group - radio lines: galaxies
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