SIMBAD references

2016AJ....151..115Y - Astron. J., 151, 115-115 (2016/May-0)

Low-metallicity young clusters in the outer galaxy. II. Sh 2-208.


Abstract (from CDS):

We obtained deep near-infrared images of Sh 2-208, one of the lowest-metallicity H ii regions in the Galaxy, [O/H]=-0.8 dex. We detected a young cluster in the center of the H ii region with a limiting magnitude of K=18.0 mag (10σ), which corresponds to a mass detection limit of ∼0.2 M☉. This enables the comparison of star-forming properties under low metallicity with those of the solar neighborhood. We identified 89 cluster members. From the fitting of the K-band luminosity function (KLF), the age and distance of the cluster are estimated to be ∼0.5 Myr and ∼4 kpc, respectively. The estimated young age is consistent with the detection of strong CO emission in the cluster region and the estimated large extinction of cluster members (AV ∼ 4-25 mag). The observed KLF suggests that the underlying initial mass function (IMF) of the low-metallicity cluster is not significantly different from canonical IMFs in the solar neighborhood in terms of both high-mass slope and IMF peak (characteristic mass). Despite the very young age, the disk fraction of the cluster is estimated at only 27%±6%, which is significantly lower than those in the solar metallicity. Those results are similar to Sh 2-207, which is another star-forming region close to Sh 2-208 with a separation of 12 pc, suggesting that their star-forming activities in low-metallicity environments are essentially identical to those in the solar neighborhood, except for the disk dispersal timescale. From large-scale mid-infrared images, we suggest that sequential star formation is taking place in Sh 2-207, Sh 2-208, and the surrounding region, triggered by an expanding bubble with a ∼30 pc radius.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Galaxy: abundances - infrared: stars - open clusters and associations: general - protoplanetary disks - stars: formation - stars: pre-main sequence

Simbad objects: 19

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