Astron. J., 152, 200-200 (2016/December-0)
A search for mass loss on the cepheid instability strip using H I 21 cm line observations.
MATTHEWS L.D., MARENGO M. and EVANS N.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of a search for H i 21 cm line emission from the circumstellar environments of four Galactic Cepheids (RS Pup, X Cyg, ζ Gem, and T Mon) based on observations with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array. The observations were aimed at detecting gas associated with previous or ongoing mass loss. Near the long-period Cepheid T Mon, we report the detection of a partial shell-like structure whose properties appear consistent with originating from an earlier epoch of Cepheid mass loss. At the distance of T Mon, the nebula would have a mass (H i+He) of ∼0.5M☉, or ∼6% of the stellar mass. Assuming that one-third of the nebular mass comprises swept-up interstellar gas, we estimate an implied mass-loss rate of \dotM∼(0.6–2)×10–5 M☉ yr–1. No clear signatures of circumstellar emission were found toward ζ Gem, RS Pup, or X Cyg, although in each case, line-of-sight confusion compromised portions of the spectral band. For the undetected stars, we derive model-dependent 3σupper limits on the mass-loss rates, averaged over their lifetimes on the instability strip, of \lesssim(0.3–6)×10–6 M☉ yr–1 and estimate the total amount of mass lost to be less than a few percent of the stellar mass.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
circumstellar matter - radio lines: stars - stars: mass-loss - stars: variables: Cepheids - stars: variables: Cepheids
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