SIMBAD references

2016ApJ...821...39M - Astrophys. J., 821, 39-39 (2016/April-2)

Radial trends in IMF-sensitive absorption features in two early-type galaxies: evidence for abundance-driven gradients.


Abstract (from CDS):

Samples of early-type galaxies show a correlation between stellar velocity dispersion and the stellar initial mass function (IMF) as inferred from gravity-sensitive absorption lines in the galaxies' central regions. To search for spatial variations in the IMF, we have observed two early-type galaxies with Keck/LRIS and measured radial gradients in the strengths of absorption features from 4000-5500 Å and 8000-10000 Å. We present spatially resolved measurements of the dwarf-sensitive spectral indices Na I (8190 Å) and Wing-Ford FeH (9915 Å), as well as indices for species of H, C2, CN, Mg, Ca, TiO, and Fe. Our measurements show a metallicity gradient in both objects, and Mg/Fe consistent with a shallow gradient in α-enhancement, matching widely observed trends for massive early-type galaxies. The Na I index and the CN1 index at 4160 Å exhibit significantly steeper gradients, with a break at r∼0.1 {r}_{eff} (r∼300 pc). Inside this radius, Na I strength increases sharply toward the galaxy center, consistent with a rapid central rise in [Na/Fe]. In contrast, the ratio of the FeH to Fe index strength decreases toward the galaxy center. This behavior cannot be reproduced by a steepening IMF inside of 0.1 {r}_{eff} if the IMF is a single power law. While gradients in the mass function above ∼0.4 {M}_☉ may occur, exceptional care is required to disentangle these IMF variations from the extreme variations in individual element abundances near the galaxies' centers.

Abstract Copyright: © 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: abundances - galaxies: elliptical and lenticular, cD - galaxies: star formation - stars: mass function

Simbad objects: 10

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