Astrophys. J., 830, L10-L10 (2016/October-2)
SMASH 1: a very faint globular cluster disrupting in the outer reaches of the LMC?
MARTIN N.F., JUNGBLUTH V., NIDEVER D.L., BELL E.F., BESLA G., BLUM R.D., CIONI M.-R., CONN B.C., KALEIDA C.C., GALLART C., JIN S., MAJEWSKI S.R., MARTINEZ-DELGADO D., MONACHESI A., MUNOZ R.R., NOEL N.E.D., OLSEN K., STRINGFELLOW G.S., VAN DER MAREL R.P., VIVAS A.K., WALKER A.R. and ZARITSKY D.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the discovery of a very faint stellar system, SMASH 1, that is potentially a satellite of the Large Magellanic Cloud. Found within the Survey of the Magellanic Stellar History (SMASH), SMASH 1 is a compact (rh=9.1–3.4+5.9 pc) and very low luminosity (MV=-1.0±0.9, LV=10^2.3±0.4^ L☉) stellar system that is revealed by its sparsely populated main sequence and a handful of red giant branch candidate member stars. The photometric properties of these stars are compatible with a metal-poor ([Fe/\rmH]=-2.2) and old (13 Gyr) isochrone located at a distance modulus of ∼18.8, i.e., a distance of ∼57 kpc. Situated at 11.deg3 from the LMC in projection, its three-dimensional distance from the Cloud is ∼13 kpc, consistent with a connection to the LMC, whose tidal radius is at least 16 kpc. Although the nature of SMASH 1 remains uncertain, its compactness favors it being a stellar cluster and hence dark-matter free. If this is the case, its dynamical tidal radius is only \lesssim 19 pc at this distance from the LMC, and smaller than the system's extent on the sky. Its low luminosity and apparent high ellipticity (ε=0.62–0.21+0.17) with its major axis pointing toward the LMC may well be the tell-tale sign of its imminent tidal demise.
© 2016. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
globular clusters: individual: SMASH 1 - Local Group - Magellanic Clouds - Magellanic Clouds
NAME SMASH 1 N=1.
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