Astrophys. J., 840, 30-30 (2017/May-1)
The proper motion of Pyxis: the first use of Adaptive Optics in tandem with HST on a faint halo object.
FRITZ T.K., LINDEN S.T., ZIVICK P., KALLIVAYALIL N., BEATON R.L., BOVY J., SALES L.V., SOHN T., ANGELL D., BOYLAN-KOLCHIN M., CARRASCO E.R., DAMKE G., DAVIES R., MAJEWSKI S., NEICHEL B. and VAN DER MAREL R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a proper motion measurement for the halo globular cluster Pyxis, using Hubble Space Telescope/ACS data as the first epoch and GeMS/GSAOI Adaptive Optics data as the second, separated by a baseline of ∼5 years. This is both the first measurement of the proper motion of Pyxis and the first calibration and use of Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics data to measure an absolute proper motion for a faint, distant halo object. Consequently, we present our analysis of the Adaptive Optics data in detail. We obtain a proper motion of µα cos(δ) = 1.09 ± 0.31 mas yr–1 and µδ = 0.68 ± 0.29 mas yr–1. From the proper motion and line-of-sight velocity, we find that the orbit of Pyxis is rather eccentric, with its apocenter at more than 100 kpc and its pericenter at about 30 kpc. We also investigate two literature-proposed associations for Pyxis with the recently discovered ATLAS stream and the Magellanic system. Combining our measurements with dynamical modeling and cosmological numerical simulations, we find it unlikely Pyxis is associated with either system. We examine other Milky Way satellites for possible association using the orbit, eccentricity, metallicity, and age as constraints and find no likely matches in satellites down to the mass of Leo II. We propose that Pyxis probably originated in an unknown galaxy, which today is fully disrupted. Assuming that Pyxis is bound and not on a first approach, we derive a 68% lower limit on the mass of the Milky Way of 0.95 x 1012 M☉.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
globular clusters: individual: Pyxis - proper motions - proper motions
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/840/30): table2.dat table4.dat>
Table 4: [FLZ2017] NNN N=349 among (Nos 1-421).
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