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2017ApJ...848...68S - Astrophys. J., 848, 68-68 (2017/October-2)

The RRc stars: chemical abundances and envelope kinematics.


Abstract (from CDS):

We analyzed series of spectra obtained for 12 stable RRc stars observed with the echelle spectrograph of the du Pont telescope at Las Campanas Observatory and we analyzed the spectra of RRc Blazhko stars discussed by Govea et al. We derived model atmosphere parameters, [Fe/H] metallicities, and [X/Fe] abundance ratios for 12 species of 9 elements. We co-added all spectra obtained during the pulsation cycles to increase signal to noise and demonstrate that these spectra give results superior to those obtained by co-addition in small phase intervals. The RRc abundances are in good agreement with those derived for the RRab stars of Chadid et al. We used radial velocity (RV) measurements of metal lines and Hα to construct variations of velocity with phase, and center-of-mass velocities. We used these to construct RV templates for use in low- to medium-resolution RV surveys of RRc stars. Additionally, we calculated primary accelerations, radius variations, and metal and Hα velocity amplitudes, which we display as regressions against primary acceleration. We employ these results to compare the atmosphere structures of metal-poor RRc stars with their RRab counterparts. Finally, we use the RV data for our Blazhko stars and the Blazhko periods of Szczygiel & Fabrycky to falsify the Blazhko oblique rotator hypothesis.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): methods: observational - stars: abundances - stars: atmospheres - stars: variables: RR Lyrae - techniques: spectroscopic - techniques: spectroscopic

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/848/68): table1.dat table2.dat table4.dat>

Simbad objects: 51

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