Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 232, 13-13 (2017/September-0)
Simultaneous observations of H2O and SiO masers toward OH/IR stars.
CHO C.-Y., CHO S.-H., KIM S., KIM J., YOON D.-H. and HWANG J.
Abstract (from CDS):
We performed simultaneous observations of SiO v = 1, 2, 29SiO v = 0, J = 1-0, and H2O 612→523 maser lines toward 252 OH/IR stars using the individual 21 m telescopes of the Korean VLBI Network (KVN). The observations for studying SiO and H2O maser properties associated with the different evolutionary stages of OH/IR stars were carried out from 2011 November to 2012 July. Both H2O and SiO masers were detected from 50 sources with a detection rate of 20% in one epoch of observation. One-sided SiO maser emissions without H2O were detected from 108 sources and H2O maser emission was detected from 11 sources, of which the detection rates were 43% and 4%, respectively. The overall detection rate of the SiO maser was 63%, and that of the H2O maser was 24%. There were 65 new detections in the SiO maser lines, 22 new detections in the H2O maser line, and 4 new detections in the 29SiO maser line. For the H2O and/or SiO maser- detected sources, mutual relations between SiO and H2O maser properties (including peak and integrated antenna temperatures, and full widths at zero power, etc.) are investigated based on a statistical analysis. We also investigate these maser properties on an IRAS two-color diagram related to stellar evolutionary sequences. In particular, a large number of SiO v = 2-only detected sources appear among the SiO-only detected sources compared to those of both H2O and SiO maser detected sources and also appear in the later evolutionary stages of asymptotic giant branch AGB stars in the IRAS two-color diagram. These results may be associated with the development of a hot and thick dust envelope at later stages of AGB evolution and the different excitation conditions of SiO v = 1 and v = 2 masers. Our observational results will be useful for statistical studies of circumstellar envelopes of OH/IR stars related to their late evolution and future very long baseline interferometry (VLBI) observations.
© 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
circumstellar matter - masers - radio lines: stars - stars: AGB and post-AGB - stars: late-type - stars: late-type
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