Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 471, 2687-2702 (2017/November-1)
On the interdependence of galaxy morphology, star formation and environment in massive galaxies in the nearby Universe.
BAIT O., BARWAY S. and WADADEKAR Y.
Abstract (from CDS):
Using multiwavelength data, from ultraviolet to optical to near-infrared to mid-infrared, for ∼6000 galaxies in the local Universe, we study the dependence of star formation on the morphological T-types for massive galaxies (log M*/M☉ >= 10). We find that, early-type spirals (Sa-Sbc) and S0s predominate in the green valley, which is a transition zone between the star forming and quenched regions. Within the early-type spirals, as we move from Sa to Sbc spirals the fraction of green valley and quenched galaxies decreases, indicating the important role of the bulge in the quenching of galaxies. The fraction of early-type spirals decreases as we enter the green valley from the blue cloud, which coincides with the increase in the fraction of S0s. These points towards the morphological transformation of early-type spiral galaxies into S0s, which can happen due to environmental effects such as ram-pressure stripping, galaxy harassment or tidal interactions. We also find a second population of S0s that are actively star forming and are present in all environments. Since morphological T-type, specific star formation rate (sSFR), and environmental density are all correlated with each other, we compute the partial correlation coefficient for each pair of parameters while keeping the third parameter as a control variable. We find that morphology most strongly correlates with sSFR, independent of the environment, while the other two correlations (morphology-density and sSFR-environment) are weaker. Thus, we conclude that, for massive galaxies in the local Universe, the physical processes that shape their morphology are also the ones that determine their star-forming state.
© 2017 The Authors Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
galaxies: evolution - galaxies: general - galaxies: groups: general - galaxies: star formation - galaxies: statistics - galaxies: structure - galaxies: structure
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<Available at CDS (J/MNRAS/471/2687): table2.dat>
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