Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 610, L18-18 (2018/2-1)
Sub-arcsecond imaging of Arp 299-A at 150 MHz with LOFAR: Evidence for a starburst-driven outflow.
RAMIREZ-OLIVENCIA N., VARENIUS E., PEREZ-TORRES M., ALBERDI A., PEREZ E., ALONSO-HERRERO A., DELLER A., HERRERO-ILLANA R., MOLDON J., BARCOS-MUNOZ L. and MARTI-VIDAL I.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report on the first sub-arcsecond (0.44x0.41-arcsec2) angular resolution image at 150MHz of the A-nucleus in the luminous infrared galaxy Arp 299, from International Low Frequency Array (LOFAR) Telescope observations. The most remarkable finding is that of an intriguing two-sided, filamentary structure emanating from the A-nucleus, which we interpret as an outflow that extends up to at least 14 arcsec from the A-nucleus in the N-S direction (~=5kpc deprojected size) and accounts for almost 40% of the extended emission of the entire galaxy system. We also discuss HST/NICMOS [FeII] 1.64µm and H2 2.12µm images of Arp 299-A, which show similar features to those unveiled by our 150MHz LOFAR observations, providing strong morphological support for the outflow scenario. Finally, we discuss unpublished NaI D spectra that confirm the outflow nature of this structure. From energetic arguments, we rule out the low-luminosity active galactic nucleus in Arp 299-A as a driver for the outflow. On the contrary, the powerful, compact starburst in the central regions of Arp 299-A provides plenty of mechanical energy to sustain an outflow, and we conclude that the intense supernova (SN) activity in the nuclear region of Arp 299-A is driving the observed outflow. We estimate that the starburst wind can support a mass-outflow rate in the range (11-63M☉/yr) at speeds of up to 370-890km/s, and is relatively young, with an estimated kinematic age of 3-7Myr. Those results open an avenue to the use of low-frequency (150MHz), sub-arcsecond imaging with LOFAR to detect outflows in the central regions of local luminous infrared galaxies.
© ESO 2018
galaxies: individual: Arp 299 - ISM jets and outflows - galaxies star formation galaxies - starburst - radio continuum galaxies
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