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2018ApJ...864...23L - Astrophys. J., 864, 23-23 (2018/September-1)

X-ray census of millisecond pulsars in the galactic field.


Abstract (from CDS):

We have conducted a systematic survey for the X-ray properties of millisecond pulsars (MSPs). Currently, there are 47 MSPs with confirmed X-ray detections. We have also placed the upper limits for the X-ray emission from the other 36 MSPs by using the archival data. We have normalized their X-ray luminosities Lx and their effective photon indices Γ into a homogeneous data set, which enables us to carry out a detailed statistical analysis. Based on our censored sample, we report a relation of Lx≃1031.05({dot}E/1035)1.31 erg s–1 (2-10 keV) for the MSPs. The inferred X-ray conversion efficiency is found to be lower than the previously reported estimate that could be affected by selection bias. Lx also correlates/anti-correlates with the magnetic field strength at the light cylinder BLC/characteristic age τ. On the other hand, there is no correlation between Lx and their surface magnetic field strength Bs. We have further divided the sample into four classes: (i) black-widows, (ii) redbacks, (iii) isolated MSPs, and (iv) other MSP binaries, and compare the properties among them. We noted that while the rotational parameters and the orbital periods of redbacks and black-widows are similar, Lx of redbacks are significantly higher than those of black-widows in the 2-10 keV band. Also the Γ of redbacks are apparently smaller than those of black-widows, which indicates that the X-ray emission of redbacks are harder than that of black-widows. This can be explained by the different contribution of intrabinary shocks in the X-ray emission of these two classes.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): binaries: general - pulsars: general - X-rays: general

Simbad objects: 85

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