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2018ApJ...865..157A - Astrophys. J., 865, 157-157 (2018/October-1)

Scaling relations associated with millimeter continuum sizes in protoplanetary disks.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present a combined, homogenized analysis of archival Submillimeter Array (SMA) and Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) observations of the spatially resolved 340 GHz (870 µm) continuum emission from 105 nearby protoplanetary disks. Building on the previous SMA survey, we infer surface brightness profiles using a simple model of the observed visibilities to derive the luminosities (Lmm) and effective sizes (Reff) of the continuum emission. With this sample, we confirm the shapes, normalizations, and dispersions for the strong correlations between Lmm, M* (or L*), and {dot}M* found in previous studies. We also verify the continuum size-luminosity relation determined from the SMA survey alone (extending to an order of magnitude lower Lmm), demonstrating that the amount of emission scales linearly with the emitting surface area. Moreover, we identify new, although weaker, relationships between Reff and the host and accretion properties, such that disks are larger around more massive hosts with higher accretion rates. We explore these interrelated demographic properties with some highly simplified approximations. These multi-dimensional relationships can be explained if the emission is optically thick with a filling factor of ∼0.3, or if the emission is optically thin and disks have roughly the same optical depth profile shapes and normalizations independent of host properties. In both scenarios, we require the dust disk sizes to have a slightly sublinear relationship with the host mass and a non-negligible dispersion (∼0.2 dex at a given M*).

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): circumstellar matter - planets and satellites: formation - protoplanetary disks

Simbad objects: 118

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