Astrophys. J., 869, 4-4 (2018/December-2)
The far-infrared emission of the first massive galaxies.
DE ROSSI M.E., RIEKE G.H., SHIVAEI I., BROMM V. and LYU J.
Abstract (from CDS):
Massive Population II galaxies undergoing the first phase of vigorous star formation after the initial Population III stage should have high energy densities and silicate-rich interstellar dust. We have modeled the resulting far-infrared spectral energy distributions (SEDs), demonstrating that they are shifted substantially to bluer ("warmer") wavelengths relative to the best fitting ones at z ≃ 3, and with strong outputs in the 10-40 µm range. When combined with a low level of emission by carbon dust, their SEDs match that of Haro 11, a local moderately low-metallicity galaxy undergoing a very young and vigorous starburst that is likely to approximate the relevant conditions in young Population II galaxies. We expect to see similar SEDs at high redshifts (z >= 5) given the youth of galaxies at this epoch. In fact, we find a progression with redshift in observed galaxy SEDs, from those resembling local ones at 2 <= z < 4 to a closer resemblance with Haro 11 at 5 <= z < 7. In addition to the insight on conditions in high-redshift galaxies, this result implies that estimates of the total infrared luminosities at z ∼ 6 based on measurements near λ ∼ 1 mm can vary by factors of 2-4, depending on the SED template used. Currently popular modified blackbodies or local templates can result in significant underestimates compared with the preferred template based on the SED of Haro 11.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: abundances - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: high-redshift - infrared: galaxies
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<Available at CDS (J/ApJ/869/4): table1.dat table2.dat>
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