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2018ApJS..236...36R - Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 236, 36-36 (2018/June-0)

Abundances and depletions of neutron-capture elements in the interstellar medium.


Abstract (from CDS):

We present an extensive analysis of the gas-phase abundances and depletion behaviors of neutron-capture elements in the interstellar medium (ISM). Column densities (or upper limits to the column densities) of Ga II, Ge II, As II, Kr I, Cd II, Sn II, and Pb II are determined for a sample of 69 sight lines with high- and/or medium-resolution archival spectra obtained with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph on board the Hubble Space Telescope. An additional 59 sight lines with column density measurements reported in the literature are included in our analysis. Parameters that characterize the depletion trends of the elements are derived according to the methodology developed by Jenkins. (In an appendix, we present similar depletion results for the light element B.) The depletion patterns exhibited by Ga and Ge comport with expectations based on the depletion results obtained for many other elements. Arsenic exhibits much less depletion than expected, and its abundance in low-depletion sight lines may even be supersolar. We confirm a previous finding by Jenkins that the depletion of Kr increases as the overall depletion level increases from one sight line to another. Cadmium shows no such evidence of increasing depletion. We find a significant amount of scatter in the gas-phase abundances of Sn and Pb. For Sn, at least, the scatter may be evidence of real intrinsic abundance variations due to s-process enrichment combined with inefficient mixing in the ISM.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): ISM: abundances - ISM: atoms - nuclear reactions, nucleosynthesis, abundances - ultraviolet: ISM

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJS/236/36): table1.dat table4.dat table5.dat table7.dat table8.dat table11.dat>

Simbad objects: 139

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