REINO S., DE BRUIJNE J., ZARI E., D'ANTONA F. and VENTURA P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a study of the membership of the Hyades open cluster, derive kinematically modelled parallaxes of its members, and study the colour-absolute magnitude diagram of the cluster. We use Gaia DR1 Tycho-Gaia Astrometric Solution (TGAS) data complemented by Hipparcos-2 data for bright stars not contained in TGAS. We supplement the astrometric data with radial velocities collected from a dozen literature sources. By assuming that all cluster members move with the mean cluster velocity to within the velocity dispersion, we use the observed and the expected motions of the stars to determine individual cluster membership probabilities. We subsequently derive improved parallaxes through maximum-likelihood kinematic modelling of the cluster. This method has an iterative component to deal with 'outliers', caused for instance by double stars or escaping members. Our method extends an existing method and supports the mixed presence of stars with and without radial velocities. We find 251 candidate members, 200 of which have a literature radial velocity, and 70 of which are new candidate members with TGAS astrometry. The cluster is roughly spherical in its centre but significantly flattened at larger radii. The observed colour-absolute magnitude diagram shows a clear binary sequence. The kinematically modelled parallaxes that we derive are a factor ∼1.7/ 2.9 more precise than the TGAS/ Hipparcos-2 values and allow us to derive an extremely sharp main sequence. This sequence shows evidence for fine-detailed structure that is elegantly explained by the full spectrum turbulence model of convection.