Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 479, 1383-1391 (2018/September-1)
Primeval very low-mass stars and brown dwarfs - III. The halo transitional brown dwarfs.
ZHANG Z.H., PINFIELD D.J., GALVEZ-ORTIZ M.C., HOMEIER D., BURGASSER A.J., LODIEU N., MARTIN E.L., ZAPATERO OSORIO M.R., ALLARD F., JONES H.R.A., SMART R.L., LOPEZ MARTI B., BURNINGHAM B. and REBOLO R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We report the discovery of an esdL3 subdwarf, ULAS J020858.62+020657.0, and a usdL4.5 subdwarf, ULAS J230711.01+014447.1. They were identified as L subdwarfs by optical spectra obtained with the Gran Telescopio Canarias, and followed up by optical-to-near-infrared spectroscopy with the Very Large Telescope. We also obtained an optical-to-near-infrared spectrum of a previously known L subdwarf, ULAS J135058.85+081506.8, and reclassified it as a usdL3 subdwarf. These three objects all have typical halo kinematics. They have Teff around 2050-2250 K, -1.8 <= [Fe/H] <= -1.5, and mass around 0.0822-0.0833 M☉, according to model spectral fitting and evolutionary models. These sources are likely halo transitional brown dwarfs with unsteady hydrogen fusion, as their masses are just below the hydrogen-burning minimum mass, which is ∼ 0.0845 M☉ at [Fe/H] = -1.6 and ∼ 0.0855 M☉ at [Fe/H] = -1.8. Including these, there are now nine objects in the 'halo brown dwarf transition zone', which is a 'substellar subdwarf gap' that spans a wide temperature range within a narrow mass range of the substellar population.
© 2018 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
brown dwarfs - stars: chemically peculiar - stars: individual: (ULAS J020858.62+020657.0, ULAS J135058.85+081506.8, ULAS J230711.01+014447.1) - stars: Population II - subdwarfs
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