Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 627A, 69-69 (2019/7-1)
XMM-Newton observations of PSR J0726-2612, a radio-loud XDINS.
RIGOSELLI M., MEREGHETTI S., SULEIMANOV V., POTEKHIN A.Y., TUROLLA R., TAVERNA R. and PINTORE F.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present the results of an XMM-Newton observation of the slowly rotating (P=3.4s), highly magnetized (B~=3x1013G) radio pulsar PSR J0726-2612. A previous X-ray observation with the Chandra satellite showed that some of the properties of PSR J0726-2612 are similar to those of the X-ray-dim isolated neutron stars (XDINSs), a small class of nearby slow pulsars characterized by purely thermal X-ray spectra and undetected in the radio band. We confirm the thermal nature of the X-ray emission of PSR J0726-2612, which can be fitted by the sum of two blackbodies with temperatures kT1=0.074–0.011+0.006keV and kT2=0.14–0.02+0.04keV and emitting radii R1=10.4–2.8+10.8km and R2=0.5–0.3+0.9km, respectively (assuming a distance of 1kpc). A broad absorption line modeled with a Gaussian profile centered at 0.39–0.03+0.02keV is required in the fit. The pulse profile of PSR J0726-2612 is characterized by two peaks with similar intensity separated by two unequal minima, a shape and pulsed fraction that cannot be reproduced without invoking magnetic beaming of the X-ray emission. The presence of a single radio pulse suggests that in PSR J0726-2612 the angles that the dipole axis and the line of sight make with the rotation axis, ξ and χ, respectively, are similar. This geometry differs from that of the two radio-silent XDINSs with double-peaked pulse profiles similar to that of PSR J0726-2612, for which ξ∼90° and χ∼45° have recently been estimated. These results strengthen the similarity between PSR J0726-2612 and the XDINSs and support the possibility that the lack of radio emission from the latter might simply be due to an unfavorable viewing geometry.
© ESO 2019
pulsars: general - pulsars: individual: PSR J0726-2612 - stars: neutron - X-rays: stars
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